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German Geopolitics II. Nazi Geopolitics. Rural Landscape & Highway as Signs of National Identity. Karl Haushofer The Man Behind the Curtain. Father of English Geopolitics Mackinder: 1861-1947 Father or Nazi ‘Geopolitik’ Haushofer: 1869-1946 Same age, same dilemmas, different approaches.

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german geopolitics ii

German Geopolitics II.

Nazi Geopolitics

karl haushofer the man behind the curtain
Karl HaushoferThe Man Behind the Curtain
  • Father of English Geopolitics
  • Mackinder: 1861-1947
  • Father or Nazi ‘Geopolitik’
  • Haushofer: 1869-1946
  • Same age, same dilemmas,
  • different approaches
his life
His Life
  • Studied Political sciences in Sweden at Rudolf Kjellén in 1891
  • Then military-diplomatic career:
  • German Military Attache to Tokyo 1908-1910
  • Close relation with Japanese Emperor’s family
  • Close study of Japanese traditions and problems, future alliance system
  • Annexation of Korea
  • Japanese Leader Tradition
military career
Military Career
  • WWI
  • General of Artillery
  • He had a soldier named Rudolf Hess
  • Experience of war, experience of other European nations
  • Comparism of War and Peace (Realism)
scientific career and munich
Scientific Career and Munich
  • Munich in the twenties HQs of the NSDAP established as a Bavarian regional party
  • Haushofer back to the University in Munich Japanese studies dissertation
  • 1921 establishing Geopolitical Institut
  • He had a student called Rudolf Hess
  • ‘Beer Hall Revolt’ 1923
  • Hiding Hess and Hitler sharing his ideas with them, visiting them in the jail
  • 1924 establishing Geopolitical Journal (definitions of a science)
good relations with nsdap
Good Relations with NSDAP
  • Hess, Hitler, Goebbels, Ribbentrop, Himler
  • Similarities: against neighbours, revenge for WWI, conservative, militarist traditions
  • Haushofer as ex Imperial General introduced Nazi leaders to German and Swiss high society
  • Haushofer: real author of Hitler’s books
  • ‘Mein Kampf’ and ‘Second Book’ with exatly his early ideas
geopolitik became a pillar of nazi ideology international relations
‘Geopolitik’ Became a Pillar of Nazi Ideology & International Relations:
  • (more details and data from History of Diplomacy)
  • Lebensraum
  • Autarchy
  • Pan Regions
  • Naval and Land (Continental) Powers
  • Borders
the role of mass communication
The Role of (Mass)Communication
  • Zeitcshrift für Geopolitics: 750 000 copies per year
  • Literature: Nation without Space
  • Radio: Haushofer had weekly speeches (def. of soap opera)
  • Head of German Publishing Company
  • Science and Communication 2 levels
  • The entire German nation accepted the ideas (propaganda)
his ideas forming international relations
His Ideas Forming International Relations
  • ‘Shopping List’ expansion in Eu and Worldwide
  • Organiser of Munich Conference in 1938 (Czechoslovakia), his son draw the new borders of Europe
  • Supporter of Ribentrop-Molotov pact 1939
  • Organiser of Italian-Japanese-German-Hungarian alliance system (similar problems, need for space, WWI experience)
career and success in various levels
Career and Success in Various Levels
  • Science
  • Military
  • Political
  • Political Adviser in International relations
  • Communication
  • Thomas Mann: General Dr. von Staat
  • 1946 Nürnberg trial