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Physiology for Nutrition, Health and Fitness. Does what we Eat, Think, Do really matter?. Important Factors in Health. 1) Diet (Nutrition). 2) Mentality and Emotions. 3) Physical Activity. 4) Toxins (Environment). 5) Spirituality. Materials for the Body. Carbohydrates Lipids

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Physiology for nutrition health and fitness

Physiology for Nutrition, Health and Fitness

Does what we




really matter?

Important Factors in Health

1) Diet (Nutrition)

2) Mentality and Emotions

3) Physical Activity

4) Toxins (Environment)

5) Spirituality

Materials for the body
Materials for the Body

  • Carbohydrates

  • Lipids

  • Proteins

  • Minerals

  • Vitamins

  • Enzymes

Whole foods
Whole Foods

  • Unrefined, entire original “item”.

  • All original nutrients remain intact.

  • Unprocessed, not chemically treated.

e.g.: - whole brown rice (),quinoa

- organic vegetables and fruit

- raw nuts and seeds

Refined Foods

  • Heavily processed from original form.

  • Most (if not all) original nutrients removed.

  • Often chemically treated (in processing and for shelf-life).

e.g.: - white sugar ()

- white flour

- heavily preserved (packaged) items

What is a Carbohydrate?

Glucose* = monosaccharide, a simple sugar

Lactose* = disaccharide (glucose and galactose)

Maltose* = disaccharide (glucose and glucose)

Sucrose** = disaccharide (glucose and fructose)

Cellulose = polysaccharide (cannot digest)

Starch = polysaccharide (many glucose molecules)





- fruits

- whole grains

- vegetables

- candy

- white bread

- potato chips

What is sugar
What is Sugar?

Glucose - most important sugar in Human Body!

Sucrose - highly refined, ‘table sugar’ – Avoid!

High Fructose Corn Syrup – Evil!!!

“But it tastes so good”




Rollercoaster ride = Diabetes Mellitus Type II

Advanced Glycation End-products (AGE’s)

Glycoproteins - normal.

If blood glucose chronically elevated, it binds

to proteins non-enzymatically = AGE’s

This is when things start to go wrong!

Impaired circulation



Diet and the Immune System

The Effects of Carbohydrates

on the Phagocytic Index

* Rat tooth

enamel study

Sugar suppresses

Immune System!

Many pathways in the body elevate blood glucose but only one lowers it.


Why only one way to lower blood glucose???

Why? one lowers it.

Far more Sugar in our Diet now!

e.g., in 1999 the average American consumed 150lbs of sugar/year.

Cultural? Social? Conditioning?

Television, Movies, Advertisements

Taste Test one lowers it.

(Montague, 2005)



50% - 50% split!


85% chose coke!


50% - 50% split!

Researcher s comment
Researcher’s Comment one lowers it.

“There are visual images and marketing messages that have insinuated themselves into the nervous system of humans who consume the drink. It is possible that cultural messages perturb taste sensation.”

one lowers it.

All Fats are Not Equal!

Omega-3- and 6-Fatty Acids

Cholesterol (LDL’s and HDL’s)

Hydrogenated Vegetable Oils

Trans Fats and Acrylamide

*Dr. Ancel Keys (1958)

Ischemic Heart Disease

one lowers it.

Unsaturated Oils vs. Saturated Fats

Polyunsaturated Fats – e.g., canola, soybean, safflower, corn - easily become rancid when exposed to oxygen and produce free radicals in the body.

*Olive oil – Still good; best if not heated!

Virgin Coconut Oil - a saturated fat with medium chain Fatty Acids (MCFA) -

extremely heat stable and very

beneficial for human physiology.

Saint-Onge and Jones (2003)

Comparison of molecules 120kcal each
Comparison of Molecules cardiovascular disease - Right?(120Kcal each)




1 glass of orange juice.

2 slices of bread.

1 shot of bourbon.

*Dr. Robert Lustig’s “Sugar: The Bitter Truth”

Sucrose cardiovascular disease - Right?



1 glass of orange juice

2 slices of bread

1 shot of bourbon

60 kcal glucose +

60 kcal fructose

Starch => glucose

CNS Depressant

~24 kcal used by all

cells in body

~48 kcal used by all

cells in body

~96 kcal used by all

cells in body

~96 kcal hits Liver

for Metabolism

~24 kcal hits Liver

for Metabolism

~72 kcal hits Liver

for Metabolism



↑ Aldehydes

↑ Acetate,

↑ Citrate


↑ Aldehydes

↑ Uric acid

↑ VLDL + ↓NO = ↑BP

Makes Glycogen

~0.5 kcal used for

de novo Lipogenesis

↑ de novo Lipogenesis

↑ de novo Lipogenesis

↑ Insulin


Inhibits Ghrelin

No effect on Ghrelin

↑ Insulin resistance

When blood Glucose is high cardiovascular disease - Right?

Insulin is released to make

blood Glucose lower (normal)

Cells in your body

up-take the glucose

When blood Glucose is low cardiovascular disease - Right?

Glucagon is released to make

blood Glucose higher (normal)

Liver is key site:

Hepatocytes liberate Glucose stores (glycogen) and use fats & proteins to make more glucose



Glycemic Index and Diabetes Mellitus cardiovascular disease - Right?



How much Protein? cardiovascular disease - Right?

Metabolic Typing

1. High Protein.

2. High Carbohydrate.

3. Mixed.

High in Protein cardiovascular disease - Right?

  • Meat

  • Soy

  • Eggs

  • Quinoa

growth hormone injected, antibiotic loaded,

corn fed, poorly treated, sick animals.

trypsin inhibitors, goitrogens, phytic acid,

phytoestrogens, haemagglutinin, GM.

Find organic eggs! Nutrient rich!

Complete protein, higher protein

content than soy.

Acetyl CoA Fats - the right fats!

Hydroxymethyl Glutaric Acid (HMG-CoA)

Statin = HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors


Mevolaonate Pyrophosphate

Isopentenyl Pyrophosphate

Geranyl Pyrophosphate

Famesyl Pyrophosphate






Cholesterol Fats - the right fats!

Vitamin D




Steroid Hormones

(testosterone, estrogen,


Bile Salts

… = Cholesterol Good!

Why organic
Why Organic? Fats - the right fats!

  • No growth stimulants, no antibiotics,

    no artificial fertilizers.

  • No pesticides, irradiation, preservatives, additives, artificial colors or flavors.

    3. No Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).

    4. Primarily Locally Grown, Seasonal food.

    5. Higher nutrient and mineral values ( taste).

DMT Fats - the right fats!

β- Endorphins

Some Facts: Fats - the right fats!

65% of Americans are overweight.

27% are clinically obese.

60% of Americans do not exercise.

(17% of kids ages 6 to 19)

3 Worst Foods?




#3 Fats - the right fats!


↑ starch

↑ glycemic index!

↑ Trans Fats

GM Potatoes

Zero Nutrients

* Tertiary Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)

#2 Fats - the right fats!



Average American consumes 54 gallons/year

#1 Fats - the right fats!



↑ ↑ glycemic index!

GM Bleach

White Flour


Trans Fat



Suggestions Fats - the right fats!:

Avoid certain “foods”!

- No, not even in moderation! -

Better Alternatives?:

What about artificial additives and flavors? Fats - the right fats!

Question why they are added.

Examine what their effects might be.

Excitotoxins Fats - the right fats!

  • MonoSodiumGlutamate (MSG) ‘flavoring’.

  • Aspartame artificial ‘sweeter’ (Sucralose)

(“Excitotoxins: The Taste that Kills” by Dr. Russell Blaylock, 1995)

Substances when ingested in high quantities

interfere with nervous transmission.

e.g., interfere with the excitatory neurotransmitters

Glutamate and Aspartate.

Why is MSG bad for you?!? Fats - the right fats!

Interferes with actions of the Hypothalamus in your brain.

Satiety Center Inhibited by MSG

“Truth in Labeling” organization lists the Hidden names for MSG

Foods always contain MSG

when these words are on the label:

Foods made with the following for MSGproducts often contain MSG.

Lets Examine Sodas for MSG

Contains lots of sugar

Contains no sugar


Aspartame an intense source of excitotoxins
Aspartame - An Intense Source of Excitotoxins for MSG

  • Made from phenylalanine and aspartate.

  • Accounts for ~ 70% of all complaints to FDA.

  • Breaks down at room temp into toxic and dangerous ingredients:

  • 1. DKP (di-ketopiperazine). When ingested, converts to a near duplicate of a powerful brain tumor causing agent.

  • 2. Formaldehyde - embalming fluid.

  • 3. Methanol - extremely dangerous alcohol, causes blindness.

Sugar Feb 14


Environmental toxins
Environmental Toxins Feb 14

  • Not just in what you eat!

  • Cosmetics, Personal Hygiene, Perfumes.

  • House Cleaning Agents and Solvents.

Harmful ingredients in cosmetics
Harmful Ingredients in Cosmetics! Feb 14

  • Parabens – widely used in skin-care products.

Mimic estrogen, encourages growth of human breast tumors.

  • Phenol Carbolic Acid - found in many lotions and skin creams.

Can cause circulatory collapse, paralysis, convulsions, respiratory failure.

  • Methylisothiazoline (MIT) – extensively used in shampoos.

Causes neurological damage (National Institute of Health).

More Feb 14

  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate - the 'foam-up' of soaps, shampoos, detergents, toothpastes.

Breaks skin’s moisture barrier, can become a “nitrosamine”.

  • Toluene - in most synthetic fragrances.

Linked to anemia, ↓ blood cell count, liver/kidney damage.

  • Propylene Glycol - main ingredient in anti-freeze and used in hydraulic fluids.

Dermatitis; kidney/ liver abnormalities

The information is out there
The Information is Out There Feb 14

  • Question Everything – Don’t blindly accept.

  • Empower yourself by knowing things.

    Allows us to make well-informed decisions

“Our lives begin to end the moment we become silent about the things that matter”

Martin Luther King Jr.

Our Bodies are amazing, Feb 14

Let’s look after them!

The Vetruvian Man expressed the Canon of Proportions.

Education Feb 14

  • The knowledge or skill obtained or developed by a learning process.


  • Intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement; enlightenment.