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The Test to End All Tests. WWI Study Guide Review. Causes of WWI. 2. List and describe the four MAIN causes of WWI in Europe Militarism- Germany and UK built up navies/armed forces Alliances- treaties between nations pulled Europe into a World War

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the test to end all tests

The Test to End All Tests

WWI Study Guide Review

causes of wwi
Causes of WWI
  • 2. List and describe the four MAIN causes of WWI in Europe
    • Militarism- Germany and UK built up navies/armed forces
    • Alliances- treaties between nations pulled Europe into a World War
    • Imperialism- competition, superiority, and militarism created tensions in Europe
    • Nationalism- national pride and superiority pushed Europe towards war with “lesser” nations
causes of wwi1
Causes of WWI
  • 3. What role did alliances play in creating a “World War” if one country needed help from just one of its allies?
    • Pulled all nations into the war through a chain reaction or domino effect
  • 4. What three aspects of imperialism threatened lasting peace in Europe?
    • Competition
    • Superiority
    • Military Bases
  • 5. What event acted as the spark that set off start of WWI?
    • Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand
  • 6. In what year did WWI begin IN EUROPE?
    • 1917
america joins wwi
America Joins WWI
  • 7. What was America’s official position at the beginning of WWI?
    • Neutrality
  • 8. Even though America hadn’t entered the war yet, what side did MOST Americans support?
    • Allied Powers: UK, France, Russia, Italy
  • 9. What kind of “political advertising” did the British use to convince Americans to join the war effort?
    • Propaganda
america joins wwi1
America Joins WWI
  • 10. What method did the Germans turn to in order to cope with the British naval blockade of German ports?
    • Submarine Warfare (U-Boats)
  • 11. Describe what happened with the British passenger ship Lusitania.
    • Attacked and sunk by German U-Boats, civilians were killed
  • 12. What affect did the sinking of the Lusitania have on Americans’ opinions about going to war with Germany and the other Central Powers?
    • Americans upset and more willing to enter the war
america joins wwi2
America Joins WWI
  • 13. Describe what happened with the Zimmermann Telegram.
    • German government official offers Mexico U.S. land in exchange for support in the war
  • 14. What affect did the Zimmermann Telegram have on Americans’ opinions about going to war with Germany and the other Central Powers?
    • Enraged Americans, declaration of war
  • 15. In what year did AMERICA join WWI?
    • 1917
  • 16. What reason did President Wilson give for joining the war in Europe?
    • Making the world safe for democracy
fighting in wwi
Fighting in WWI
  • 17. What did the troops in WWI build to protect themselves against artillery fire?
    • Trenches
  • 18. List and describe three hardships/dangers the soldiers faced while fighting in the trenches.
    • Rats, Lice, Frogs, Trench Foot, Gun fire, stench, disease, boredom, constant death, etc.
  • 19. What affect did the stalemate, or the inability of either side to make any real advances, have on soldiers fighting in the trenches?
    • Felt like war was pointless, lost morale
  • 20. In what country did most of the fighting take place on the Western Front?
    • France
the home front
The Home Front
  • 21. Where did African Americans move to during the Great Migration?
    • Northern Cities
  • 22. Name one push factor and one pull factor that caused African Americans to move from the South to the North during the Great Migration?
    • Push: Segregation, discrimination, violence
    • Pull: Jobs, More Equality
  • 23. What did most Americans participate in to conserve food on the home front as part of the war effort?
    • Hooverizing
the home front1
The Home Front
  • 24. What did the Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act of 1918 do?
    • Limited free speech, made it illegal to publically state disapproval with the government or war
  • 25. What did Charles Schenck do to violate the Espionage and Sedition Acts?
    • Mailed anti-draft encouragement to soldiers
  • 26. What is significant about the “clear and present danger” ruling in Schenck v. U.S.?
    • Established that rights in the Constitution are not absolute
the home front2
The Home Front
  • 27. Name four groups who served in the military during WWI.
    • Men
    • Women
    • African Americans
    • Native Americans
ending wwi in peace
Ending WWI in Peace
  • 30. When did the fighting in WWI finally end?
    • November 11, 1918
  • 31. Which country did Britain and France want to take the blame for starting WWI?
    • Germany
  • 32. Which three countries LOST territory as a result of WWI?
    • Russia
    • Austria-Hungary
    • Germany
ending wwi in peace1
Ending WWI in Peace
  • 33. What was President Wilson’s plan for peace called?
    • The Fourteen Points
  • 34. List and describe the three main aspects of Wilson’s peace plan.
    • Elimination Causes of the War ex. Open diplomacy
    • National self-determination
    • League of Nations
  • 35. What document brought peace between the Allied Powers and Germany?
    • Treaty of Versailles