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Modern Architecture. Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp. Topics. Second Modernism Early Traditionalism Traditionalist Modern Counter-Modernism. Second Modernism. Many considered the Modernism movement dead; incapable of future growth Encompasses different stages Traditionalism

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modern architecture

Modern Architecture

Architectural History

ACT 322

Doris Kemp

topics
Topics
  • Second Modernism
  • Early Traditionalism
  • Traditionalist Modern
  • Counter-Modernism
second modernism
Second Modernism
  • Many considered the Modernism movement dead; incapable of future growth
  • Encompasses different stages
    • Traditionalism
    • Art Deco
    • Post Modernism
early traditionalism
Early Traditionalism
  • Second Modernism is rooted in a massive resistance to Modernism
    • Traditionalism
      • Accomodated new building types with old-fashioned covers
      • Solid, self-assured, lavish, and dignified works
early traditionalism1
Early Traditionalism
  • Skyscrapers in New York City are an earmark of twentieth-century Traditionalism
    • Key structure
      • Woolworth Building, NY
early traditionalism2
Early Traditionalism
  • Woolworth Building
    • Designed by Cass Gilbert
    • Located in New York City
    • Features a Gothic theme with that of Modernism
early traditionalism3
Early Traditionalism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

early traditionalism4
Early Traditionalism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

traditionalist modern
Traditionalist Modern
  • A grouping of Traditionalism with Modernism
  • Gave rise to the Art Deco period of the Second Modernism
    • Key structures were also skyscrapers in New York City
traditionalist modern1
Traditionalist Modern
  • Chrysler Building
    • Designed by William Van Alen
    • Built for Walter Chrysler, an automobile tycoon, who wanted the tallest building in the world
    • 77 stories
traditionalist modern2
Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

traditionalist modern3
Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

traditionalist modern4
Traditionalist Modern
  • Empire State Building
    • Bigger than the Chrysler Building
    • 102 stories
    • Sculpturally more assertive than the Chrysler Building
traditionalist modern5
Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

traditionalist modern6
Traditionalist Modern
  • Rockefeller Center
    • Most ambitious of the New York skyscraper projects
    • One of the most complex and socially responsive of all twentieth-century urbanistic designs
    • Includes low, medium, and high buildings
    • Key Structures
      • Radio City Music Hall
      • RCA Building
traditionalist modern7
Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

traditionalist modern8
Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

traditionalist modern9
Traditionalist Modern

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism
Counter-Modernism
  • A counter-culture to the Modernistic movement
  • Featured two important architects
    • Alvar Aalto
    • Louis Kahn
counter modernism1
Counter-Modernism
  • Alvar Aalto
    • Finnish architect whose buildings were easy to look at but hard to understand
    • Key Structures
      • Villa Mairea
      • Civic Center in Saynatsalo, Finland
counter modernism2
Counter-Modernism
  • Villa Mairea
    • Aalto’s finest residential building
    • Loose, informal sprawl
    • No sign of the compelling form that was Modernism
      • Unlike Fallingwater House and Villa Savoye
counter modernism3
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism4
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism5
Counter-Modernism
  • Civic Center
    • Saynatsalo, Finland
    • Considered one Aalto’s finest urban achievements
    • Features government offices, a library, apartments, and shops
counter modernism6
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism7
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism8
Counter-Modernism
  • Louis Kahn
    • A Counter-Modernism architect
    • Philosophically explored the essence of the buildings use
      • Would serve as a springboard for his creation of an answering architectural form
    • Major structures
      • National Assembly Building, Bangladesh
      • Kimbell Art Museum, Ft. Worth, TX
counter modernism9
Counter-Modernism
  • National Assembly Building
    • Designed as a dense, seemingly impenetrable, concentration of walled spaces clustered around a central assembly hall
    • Features
      • Press offices
      • Meeting halls
      • Mosque
counter modernism10
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism11
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism12
Counter-Modernism
  • Kimbell Art Museum
    • Located in Fort Worth, TX
    • Much admired work of Kahn’s later career

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism13
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

counter modernism14
Counter-Modernism

http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

references
References
  • Sullivan, Mary; http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/
  • http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html
  • Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity
  • Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture
modern architecture1

Modern Architecture

Architectural History

ACT 322

Doris Kemp

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