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Modern Architecture

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  1. Modern Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp

  2. Topics • Second Modernism • Early Traditionalism • Traditionalist Modern • Counter-Modernism

  3. Second Modernism • Many considered the Modernism movement dead; incapable of future growth • Encompasses different stages • Traditionalism • Art Deco • Post Modernism

  4. Early Traditionalism • Second Modernism is rooted in a massive resistance to Modernism • Traditionalism • Accomodated new building types with old-fashioned covers • Solid, self-assured, lavish, and dignified works

  5. Early Traditionalism • Skyscrapers in New York City are an earmark of twentieth-century Traditionalism • Key structure • Woolworth Building, NY

  6. Early Traditionalism • Woolworth Building • Designed by Cass Gilbert • Located in New York City • Features a Gothic theme with that of Modernism

  7. Early Traditionalism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  8. Early Traditionalism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  9. Traditionalist Modern • A grouping of Traditionalism with Modernism • Gave rise to the Art Deco period of the Second Modernism • Key structures were also skyscrapers in New York City

  10. Traditionalist Modern • Chrysler Building • Designed by William Van Alen • Built for Walter Chrysler, an automobile tycoon, who wanted the tallest building in the world • 77 stories

  11. Traditionalist Modern http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  12. Traditionalist Modern http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  13. Traditionalist Modern • Empire State Building • Bigger than the Chrysler Building • 102 stories • Sculpturally more assertive than the Chrysler Building

  14. Traditionalist Modern http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  15. Traditionalist Modern • Rockefeller Center • Most ambitious of the New York skyscraper projects • One of the most complex and socially responsive of all twentieth-century urbanistic designs • Includes low, medium, and high buildings • Key Structures • Radio City Music Hall • RCA Building

  16. Traditionalist Modern http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  17. Traditionalist Modern http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  18. Traditionalist Modern http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  19. Counter-Modernism • A counter-culture to the Modernistic movement • Featured two important architects • Alvar Aalto • Louis Kahn

  20. Counter-Modernism • Alvar Aalto • Finnish architect whose buildings were easy to look at but hard to understand • Key Structures • Villa Mairea • Civic Center in Saynatsalo, Finland

  21. Counter-Modernism • Villa Mairea • Aalto’s finest residential building • Loose, informal sprawl • No sign of the compelling form that was Modernism • Unlike Fallingwater House and Villa Savoye

  22. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  23. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  24. Counter-Modernism • Civic Center • Saynatsalo, Finland • Considered one Aalto’s finest urban achievements • Features government offices, a library, apartments, and shops

  25. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  26. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  27. Counter-Modernism • Louis Kahn • A Counter-Modernism architect • Philosophically explored the essence of the buildings use • Would serve as a springboard for his creation of an answering architectural form • Major structures • National Assembly Building, Bangladesh • Kimbell Art Museum, Ft. Worth, TX

  28. Counter-Modernism • National Assembly Building • Designed as a dense, seemingly impenetrable, concentration of walled spaces clustered around a central assembly hall • Features • Press offices • Meeting halls • Mosque

  29. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  30. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  31. Counter-Modernism • Kimbell Art Museum • Located in Fort Worth, TX • Much admired work of Kahn’s later career http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  32. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  33. Counter-Modernism http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.html

  34. References • Sullivan, Mary; http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/ • http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.html • Trachtenburg/Hyman; Architecture: From Prehistory to Postmodernity • Wodehouse/Moffett; A History of Western Architecture

  35. Modern Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp