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EPI PEN Training. WHAT IS A FOOD ALLERGY?. Over-Reaction in the body to a food Release of chemical called HISTAMINE Triggers reactions in body. Skin Rash Itching Hives Respiratory Coughing Hard to breathe Wheezing. Stomach Vomiting Diarrhea Stomach pain Heart

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EPI PEN Training


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what is a food allergy
WHAT IS A FOOD ALLERGY?
  • Over-Reaction in the body to a food
  • Release of chemical called HISTAMINE
  • Triggers reactions in body
types of reactions
Skin

Rash

Itching

Hives

Respiratory

Coughing

Hard to breathe

Wheezing

Stomach

Vomiting

Diarrhea

Stomach pain

Heart

Blood pressure drops

Heartbeat changes

Shock

Types of Reactions
anaphylaxis
ANAPHYLAXIS
  • May occur after exposure to an allergen
  • Collection of symptoms affecting multiple systems in the body
  • May be LIFE THREATENING
symptoms of anaphylaxis
Hives

Vomiting

Itching

Diarrhea

Swelling

Red Watery Eyes

Change of Voice

Runny Nose

Sense of Doom

Coughing

Wheezing

Dizziness

Flushed Pale Skin

Blueness of Lips/Mouth

Hard to Breath

Throat Closing

Fainting/Not Conscious

Symptoms of Anaphylaxis
nut allergy
Nut Allergy
  • Peanuts
  • Tree Nuts(sunflower seeds, coconuts)
  • Poppy Seeds
  • Peanut Butter
  • Peanut Oils
  • Any Foods containing Nut Oil
prevention of allergic reaction
Prevention of Allergic Reaction
  • No Sharing of Food
  • Proper hand-washing
  • Tables must be cleaned with soap/water if food has been in contact
  • Designate a Peanut-free area in classroom + cafeteria
  • Prevent Cross-Contamination
cross contamination
Cross Contamination
  • May occur when cooking/serving different foods with same utensils and surfaces
  • When wiping down surfaces uses disposable wipes or paper towels
epinephrine epi pen
Epinephrine / EPI PEN
  • Medication
  • Used for treatment in Life Threatening Allergic response
  • Relaxes the muscles in airways
  • Tightens blood vessels
side effects of epinephrine
Upset Stomach

Vomiting

Sweating

Dizziness

Nervousness

Weakness

Pale Skin

Headache

Hand Tremors

Increased Heart Rate

Increased Blood Pressure

Side Effects of Epinephrine
emergency plan
EMERGENCY PLAN
  • REMAIN CALM
  • Teacher will alert main office via intercom
  • Office will notify school RN and person(s) trained in use of EPI-PEN
  • Call “911”
  • Retrieve Epi-Pen
  • Identify Student by 1st and last name
emergency plan continued
Emergency Plan, Continued
  • Check Label on EPI Pen for name + expiration date
  • Administer EPI-PEN on outer part of thigh
  • Remain with Child until help arrives
  • In the event of cardiac or respiratory distress, begin CPR
epi pen administration
Put on Gloves

Hold EPI PEN in fist with orange tip pointing downwards Pull off BLUE safety release.

Hold ORANGE tip near outside part of thigh

Swing and jab firmly into outer thigh until you hear/feel click=90 degree angle

Hold in place and count slowly to 10

Remove EPI PEN

If Needle is not showing:REPEAT the Above Steps

Massage the injection area for 10 seconds

Give EPI PEN to EMT’s when they arrive

EPI PEN Administration
following incident
Following Incident
  • Important to discuss incident with students
  • School team will discuss specifics with goals for prevention of further episodes
  • Epi-Pen Administration form must be completed and faxed to Health Services(635-8027)
field trips
Field Trips
  • Pre-Planning
    • Invite family member
    • Must allow time for scheduling
    • Meal planning
  • Designate trained school staff to accompany student
  • Bring Emergency Kit
  • Bring Cell Phone, Allergy Action Plan, and Contact Information
questions
Questions:
  • What is an allergic reaction?
  • What is Anaphylaxis?
  • What signs of Anaphylaxis?
  • What is Epinephrine?
  • Explain/Demonstrate how to give EPI PEN
  • Explain Emergency Procedure