Reprise Rappel 3, Part A Revised 9/10/12
Verbs • What is the function of a Verb? • A VERB is the part of speech in a sentence that conveys the ACTIONthat is taking place. • What is an infinitive? • In English AND in French, verbs come in different forms; the INFINITIVE (the unconjugated form) is the MOST BASIC FORM of any verb. This is the form of the verb BEFORE you place it in a SENTENCE. • If you want to look up a verb in the dictionary, you must look for it’s infinitive form. • In English, the translation/definition of any infinitive will always have “to...” in front of the definition.
–ER Verbs • manger • marcher • montrer • nager • organiser • penser • prêter • porter • poser une question • passer • rentrer • regarder • rester • visiter • trouver • travailler • voyager • utiliser • indiquer • gagner • apporter • aider • téléphoner • inviter • préparer • aimer • ajouter • habiter • chanter • chercher • danser • dîner • dépenser • demander • détester • déjeuner • donner • étudier • écouter • espérer • emprunter • jouer • arriver • parler • rêver • rencontrer • gouter • louer • acheter
Conjugating –ER Verbs • When we want to use a verb in a sentence, we need to CONJUGATE this verb, so that it makes sense. How do we do this in French? • By changing the ending of the verb ENGLISH to like She likes hotdogs. FRENCH aimer Elle aime les hot-dogs. French
Regular Verbs • Why are –ER verbs considered regular? • because most follow a set pattern for conjugation. • Can you think of the other two regular verb groups? • -IR and -RE • Can you think of the two times the pattern changes slightly? • -ER verbs that end in -GER (manger) and stem-changing boot verbs that add an accent (acheter) • What steps do we take to conjugate –ER verbs? • REMOVE the –ER from the end of the verb to find its stem. • SELECT the subject pronoun you will use in the sentence. • ADD the appropriate ending to the verb for the subject pronoun chosen.
Chanson To the tune of "Frère Jacques." E, ES, E E, ES, E ONS, ONS EZ, EZ, EZ EZ, EZ, EZ ENT, ENT
On • What part of speech is it? • Pronoun • What form of the verb does it take? • 3rd person (il / elle) • What does it mean? • One (In France, one speaks French.) • In conversation…it can also mean we!
Negative Sentences • In French, how do you make a sentence negative? • ne and pas • Where do the ne and pas go? • directly around the verb. • Examples: • Je parleitalien. • Je ne parle pas italien. • J’habite en France. • Je n’habite pas en France.