PRODUCTION OF THERMOELECTRIC POWER FROM SOLID WASTE OF SOME EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF LAHORE By Mohammad Rafiq Khan Lahore School of Economics
INTRODUCTION The study was undertaken with the following objectives in mind: Safe and techno-economic disposal of solid waste produced in the scheduled educational institutions Study of the feasibility of production of thermo-electric power from the biomass of solid waste Later extension of the study to higher levels such as village, town, and national city level Recommendations to all concerned for effective solid waste management and production of thermoelectric power to eliminate power in Pakistan
METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH Collection of Data Processing of Data Interpretation of Results The preliminary enquiry revealed that the total waste produced in the scheduled institutions were approximately as follows: LSE 200 Tons per Annum LUMS 500 Tons per Annum KC 200 Tons per Annum GCU 720 Tons per Annum Description of Detailed Methodology in (1) Khan MR and Pervez, F. 2009. Production of Thermoelectric Power from the Solid Wastes of Kinnaird College, Environ Monitor, IX (9&10): 14-28 (2) Khan, MR and Sheikh, S. 2010. Production of Thermoelectric Power from Solid Waste: A Case of Lahore School of Economics, International Energy Journal 11:51-64
One related to the actual waste of the institutions and second to the amounts that had the likelihood of qualifying the projects as feasible for subsequent implementation are reported in Table 1 and 2. The two sets of projects;
Table 1: Bases and requisites of alternative projects (Assessed weight of solid waste)
Table 2: Bases and requisites of alternative projects (Increased weight of solid waste)
RESULTS Nature and Composition of Solid Waste Sub-Processes at Sugar Mill Bagasse Storage Transport to the Boiler Boilers Turbines Supply of Electricity
Bagasse Storage Boiler Turbine Supply of electricity Figure 1: Flow sheet showing the sub-processes in the process of production of electricity from bagasse Transport to boiler
Sub-processes of the Project: Same as above except the substitution of Bagasse by Solid waste Solid Waste Transport to boil Boiler Turbine Supply of electricity Figure.5: Flow sheet diagram of the designed project.
RESULTS OF COST ANALYSIS Table 3: Computation of results of evaluation of alternatives- for LSE (US$) The integrated results of cost analysis are computed in Table 3 to 6.
Table 4: Computation of results of evaluation of alternatives for KC (Rupees)
Table 5: Computation of results of evaluation of alternatives for LUMS (Rupees)
Table 6: Computation of results of evaluation of alternatives for GCU (Rupees)
DISCUSSION Lahore School of Economics Kanaird College Lahore University of Management Sciences Government College & University Lahore