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Force Protection & Integrated Survivability - An Industrial Perspective Colin Robinson. Objectives Force Protection is a means to an end Provision of Force Protection increases the Probability of Survivability

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force protection survivability

Objectives

  • Force Protection is a means to an end
  • Provision of Force Protection increases the Probability of Survivability
  • The End (or Goal) is Mission Survivability …….. To preserve freedom of action and the operational effectiveness of the force……
Force Protection & Survivability

Definitions

  • "“The military term given to a range of measures designed to preserve the combat power of our own forces”
  • “All measures and means to minimize the vulnerability of personnel, facilities, equipment and operations to any threat and in all situations, to preserve freedom of action and the operational effectiveness of the force”

www.raf.mod.uk

NATO Glossary of Terms & Definitions, AAP-6(2007), dated 16/4/7

FP is all about maintaining operational effectiveness ………

integrated survivability

JDS, Vol 10, No 2

  • Vulnerability of any force element is a function of the protective methods used and the time spent exposed to the threat
    • Protection requirements will vary according to needs
    • Base/facilities, platforms/equipment, personnel/individual
    • Must match demands of mission, threat and operating environment
Integrated Survivability
  • Integrated (Mission) Survivability
    • “the ability to complete a mission successfully in the face of a (man-made) hostile environment”
    • Considered in context of the operational mission and its implicit threats
    • Essential to have a good understanding of the ORBAT of the adversary as a precursor to optimising survivability
force protection current uor focus
Force Protection – Current UOR Focus
  • Current focus of Force Protection is driven by current conflicts:
    • Peace Enforcement / Peace Support
    • Afghanistan, Iraq
    • urban, complex terrain; asymmetric conflicts; terrorist tactics
    • Biggest threat is IED
force protection overall scope
Force Protection – Overall Scope
  • Current focus of Force Protection is driven by current conflicts:
    • Peace Enforcement / Peace Support
    • Afghanistan, Iraq
    • urban, complex terrain; asymmetric conflicts; terrorist tactics
    • Biggest threat is IED
  • BUT, Force Protection - by definition - encompasses:
    • many threats
    • many situations
    • many locations

Much wider than

IED threats.

Open Combat

& Warfighting

still relevant

integrated survivability6
Integrated Survivability
  • Autonomous Survivability (e.g. platform - centred)
    • synergistic use of balanced, cost-effective protection technologies
      • e.g. for platforms - signature control, DAS, armour
  • Mission Level Survivability (system - centred)
    • autonomous platform survivability
    • collective survivability ensuring mission
      • shared situational awareness, NEC, TTPs
      • grouping sensors with a variety of weapons and decision makers
  • Survivability traditionally adds weight or displaces capability
    • novel technologies and techniques looking to break this link
    • NEC brings opportunities to achieve improved system - level protection
  • System Engineering is the cornerstone of Integrated Survivability
    • much more than just the physical integrationof protectiontechnologies
    • Mission level modularity – one size does not fit all !
    • All DLoD must be considered to achieve optimum solution

Future Protection

must strike the

right balance between

platform- and system-

centred models

thales recommended approach
Thales Recommended Approach
  • Sound Systems Engineering, Architecture and Integration philosophy should be core to solving the problem and developing optimised solutions
  • A systems level approach is required to embody urgent new (UOR) capabilities in a coherent and standardised way.
    • High risk of incompatibility and conflicts between subsystems (eg Comms and ESM) if ‘stove pipe measures’ are continually retrofitted (eg. ECM)
  • Thaleshas developed survivability optimisation and cost effectiveness models and toolsets
    • State of the Art Physics models,
    • Synthetic Environment models,
    • Modelling & Simulation,
    • Operational Analysis toolsets,
    • Computer Aided Design tools,
    • WLC models,
    • Multi-dimensional decision support tools
  • Industry can help the Customer to understand the Cost/Benefit tradespace

Systems approach key to developing

a layered protection system.

Thales has experience and knowledge across all layers

slide8

Examples of Industry Support to Force Protection

    • Example 1 – C4ISTAR Pre-Deployment Training & Mission Rehearsal
c4istar capability development
Evolving Threats in Complex Terrain, coupled with Network Enabled Capability (NEC) requirements, demands new approaches to joint and coalition operations and the execution of synchronised missionsC4ISTAR Capability Development

Recovery & Lessons Learnt

Operational Deployment

Readiness Test

Training &

Mission Rehearsal

Warfare

Analyses

Operational

Planning

System Test

&

Evaluation

C4ISTAR * is a major force multiplier but requires the latest technology and training to deliver optimum results

Capability

Acquisition

Capability

Requirements

System

Specifications

Operations

C4ISTAR Capability Development ensures:

Right Concepts of Use

  • (CONOPS, TTPs)

Right Kit

Right Readiness

Fewer Surprises

Other

Organisations

Operational

Environment

Pre-Deployment

Evaluate, Train & Test

Infrastructure

Tactics

Force

Assembly

Training

Personnel

Logistics

Equipment

ORBAT

Information

  • *Command, Control, Communication, Computation, Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance
pre deployment training and mission rehearsal
Thales has provided geographic-specific PDT & MR Services for UK Forces deploying on operations

3 (UK) Division

12 Mechanised Brigade

HQ FLEET

3 Commando Brigade

Future deployments

Real Systems, Personnel & Missions

The Thales Service has assisted UK Forces to evaluate specific C4ISTAR Systems:

Mini/Tactical/Operational UAVs

EO/IR, SAR & GMTI*

Electronic Warfare Systems

Vehicle & Hand-held sensors

Command & Control Systems

SATCOM & Datalink Emulation

Pre-Deployment Training and Mission Rehearsal
slide11

Examples of Industry Support to Force Protection

    • Example2 – In-Theatre UAV Service Provision
uk watchkeeper programme
Thales is the Prime Contractor for Watchkeeper – Europe’s largest Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) programme

When deployed in 2010, Watchkeeper will provide UK Forces with accurate, timely, Image Intelligence - 24 hrs a day

Operating in all environments, all types of conflict from peacekeeping to all arms warfare

UK Watchkeeper Programme
  • Integrated with other surveillance, intelligence, communications and effects systems
  • Interoperable with coalition forces
  • Rapidly deployable
  • Sophisticated all-weather sensors for detection, tracking and identification
rapid provision of capability
Rapid Provision of Capability
  • Availability-based Service Provision Contract to support current UK Operations
  • Rapid deployment of UAV-based ISTAR capability
    • Six months from contract to first deployment in theatre
  • “Power by the hour”
    • Flexible project duration to match operational requirements
    • Tailored service provision:
      • Equipment supplied and supported in theatre by contractor
      • Flexible training
    • Operational manpower supplied by the Customer
    • Level of Service
      • Guaranteed availability
      • Hours per day/days per week