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By: Mason Nixon. Christianity and Judaism . Christianity.

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The cross is a symbol of the Christian religion because the Romans crucified Jesus to a cross but three days later Jesus rose from the dead and returned to Heaven. The empty cross, usually favored by Protestants, reminds Christians of the resurrection, while the crucifix, with the body of Jesus on it, favored by Catholic and Orthodox churches, is a reminder of Christ's sacrifice.

  • Originating in the Eastern Europe during  3oo’s A.D. in the Roman Empire it quickly spread all throughout in Europe and the Middle East because of the religions ability to accept anyone no matter their social class or stature.
  • Christianity is a monotheistic religion, believing in only one God.
  • Christians believe Jesus rose from the dead three days after his burial, and in so doing made it possible for those who believe to be forgiven of sin and attain eternal life. Much of Christian belief and practice centers on the resurrection of Christ. The most distinctive belief of mainstream Christianity is the doctrine of the Trinity, which views the one God as consisting of three Persons: the Father, the Son (Christ) and the Holy Spirit.

 In Judaism it is often called the MagenDavid, which means the "shield of David" in Hebrew. It doesn’t have any religious significance in Judaism but it is one of the symbols most commonly associated with the Jewish people. 

  • Judaism, the first and oldest of the three great monotheistic faiths, is the religion and way of life of the Jewish people. The basic laws and tenets of Judaism are derived from the Torah, the first five books of the Bible.
  • The most important teaching and tenet of Judaism is that there is one God, incorporeal and eternal, who wants all people to do what is just and merciful. All people are created in the image of God and deserve to be treated with dignity and respect.
  • The Jewish people serve God by study, prayer and by the observance of the commandments set forth in the Torah. This faithfulness to the biblical Covenant can be understood as the “vocation,” “witness” and “mission” of the Jewish people.
comparison to jewish beliefs and christian beliefs
Comparison to Jewish Beliefs and Christian beliefs.



While Christens believe that Jesus was crucified on the cross and rose again, the Jewish people believe that the prophet /savior wasn't Jesus and that the savior has not come yet.

Their Sacred Texts

Christian - Bible = Old Testament + New Testament.

Judaism - Tanakh(Jewish Bible)

The Nature of God

Trinity - One substance, three persons

Unity - One substance, one person

The Birth of Jesus

Christian -Virgin birth.

Judaism – Normal birth.

  • Their Ultimate Reality

Christian -one God, Jehovah, the God of Abraham

Judaism -one God, Jehovah, the God of Abraham

  • The Other Spiritual Beings

Christian - Angels and Demons

Judaism - Angels and Demons

  • The Death of Jesus

Death by crucifixion.

Death by crucifixion.

  • The Means of Salvation

Christian - Correct belief, faith, good deeds.

Judaism - Belief in God, good deeds.

other relations
Other relations…
  • Peter preached to Jews about the events especially the resurrection as confirmation of who Jesus was. At first, the message of Jesus was brought to Jews in Jerusalem and Judea and Samaritans, but later God revealed his plan to open the way to Gentiles. Paul brought with him to the meeting in Jerusalem, gentile Titus as testimony that God had indeed given the same Spirit to gentiles as he had to Jews at Pentecost. It was not only Paul but James who was head of the Church at Jerusalem, that after hearing the dispute, concluded that circumcision was not required. So the split with Judaism was not caused by Paul and this event but over the acceptance of Jesus as the promised Messiah and belief in his resurrection from the dead. I don't have much to add on the origin of Islam.