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Conquest of the Americas

Conquest of the Americas

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Conquest of the Americas

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  1. Conquest of the Americas Contact and Conflict 1450- 1700 The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  2. Introduction • Between 1450- 1700 European civilization spread through trade, imperialism, and colonialism Guiding Questions: • Was this inevitable? • Was the spread of European culture a result of Western Superiority? The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  3. Agenda • Factors of Exploration and Conquest • Aztec Society & Spanish Conquest • Inca Society & Spanish Conquest • China • Japan • Origins of Slavery In Africa The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  4. Factors of Exploration and Conquest • Capitalism- pre-capitalist society to capitalist society • Searching for Wealth • Geography • Technology • The Search for Souls- The Mission • The Ottoman Empire – “…crusade on one side and jihad on the other.” (112) The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  5. Aztec Empire The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  6. Aztec Society • First Encounter- 1519 Hernan Cortes • Great Cities- Tenochtitlán  (tānōchtētlän´) (Huge Temple, Numerous Canals, Royal Palace) • Highly Structured Society- Based on Agriculture and Religion The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  7. Spanish Conquest • Radical Depopulation • Disease • Forced Labour • Slavery- The Mission • Demoralization • Introduction of Cattle, Sheep and Goats The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  8. Inca Empire The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  9. Inca Society • Extremely Wealthy • Complex Political Organization • Accomplished Feats of Engineering The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  10. Spanish Conquest • Series of Attacks (1525- 1572) • Encomienda System • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/encomienda • Disease The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  11. China and Japan China Highly developed trade system Manchu dynasty (1644-1911) No monopoly in trade Japan Not as stable making European contact easier. Jesuits and Franciscans The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  12. Slavery in Africa Slavery existed prior to European arrival: criminals, sold by family in time of need, kidnapped. European slavers felt no guilt – religion as a reason. Asiento Europeans introduced chattel slavery Encouraged a century of civil war, created depopulation The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  13. Colonial Empires • Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) • Samuel de Champlain (1567 -1635) • Conversion to Christianity – theological debate Bartolome de Las Casas and Juan Gines de Sepulveda • Never decided – slavery continued • Long term impacts? Genocide of Mayan in Guatemala http://www.ppu.org.uk/genocide/g_guatemala1.html The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  14. Works Cited • Legacy: The West and the World, Garfield Newman • Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2003 The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas