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Conquest of the Americas

Conquest of the Americas

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Conquest of the Americas

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Conquest of the Americas Contact and Conflict 1450- 1700 The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  2. Introduction • Between 1450- 1700 European civilization spread through trade, imperialism, and colonialism Guiding Questions: • Was this inevitable? • Was the spread of European culture a result of Western Superiority? The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  3. Agenda • Factors of Exploration and Conquest • Aztec Society & Spanish Conquest • Inca Society & Spanish Conquest The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  4. Factors of Exploration and Conquest • Capitalism- pre-capitalist society to capitalist society • Searching for Wealth • Geography • Technology • The Search for Souls- The Mission The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  5. Aztec Empire The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  6. Aztec Society • First Encounter- 1519 Hernan Cortes • Great Cities- Tenochtitlán (Huge Temple, Numerous Canals, Royal Palace) • Highly Structured Society- Based on Agriculture and Religion The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  7. Spanish Conquest • Radical Depopulation • Disease • Forced Labour • Slavery- The Mission • Demoralization • Introduction of Cattle, Sheep and Goats The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  8. Inca Empire The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  9. Inca Society • Extremely Wealthy • Complex Political Organization • Accomplished Feats of Engineering The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  10. Spanish Conquest • Series of Attacks (1525- 1572) • Encomienda System • Disease The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas

  11. Works Cited • Legacy: The West and the World, Garfield Newman • Microsoft Encarta Reference Library 2003 The Conquest of the Aztecs and Incas