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Johann Pestalozzi

Johann Pestalozzi

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Johann Pestalozzi

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  1. Johann Pestalozzi Kacey Carlson and Abbie Zuzek

  2. Brief Life History • Born and raised in Zurich, Switzerland in 1746 • Attended school at University of Zurich • First studied politics, then turned to education • What started it all? Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s ideas on the education of children

  3. Pestalozzi’s Mission • “Emphasizes the importance of providing a loving family type environment in which the child can grow and flourish naturally, becoming a whole person balancing their intellectual, physical, and technical ability, with emotional, moral, ethical, and religious growth” (New World Encyclopedia)

  4. Goals of Education • Focus on the child as a human being • Development of the individual • Improvement of society

  5. Method of Education • Knowledge already lies within the student; the teacher has to find it and bring it to the surface

  6. Discipline in the Classroom • Developed the idea of the family method • What does this mean? • Loving atmosphere • People are cooperative • Christian family values/morals instilled within the students • Abolished flogging

  7. Pestalozzi’s 6 Principles of Schooling • Personality is sacred • Each child has the promise of potential within him • Love the students as a family • Direct concrete obeservation aka “object lessons” • Perception must be perfected by appropriate actions • Action leads to an emphasis on repetition

  8. Object Learning Activity

  9. Object Learning • What is object learning? • Exercises in learning form, number, and language • So you traced for learning form, you numbered for numbering, and you named it for language • Make your hand into a picture

  10. Object Learning • What’s up with the picture? • Progressed from the simple lessons of learning form, number, and language to more advanced lessons in: • Drawing • Writing • Math • Reading

  11. Wrap-up • Unfortunately, as good of an idea that these schools were, disputes arouse amongst the teachers • This lead to the schools eventually failing and closing