From the Mauryas to the Guptas - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

may 2009 chetan vaity n.
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From the Mauryas to the Guptas

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  1. May 2009 Chetan Vaity From the Mauryas to the Guptas

  2. Ashoka's empire

  3. After Ashoka ... • Ashoka died in 232 BC • For another 50 years, Mauryan kings rule from Magadha • In 183 BC, Pushyamitra Shunga, a senapati of Brhadratha – the last Mauryan king – grabs power through a palace revolution

  4. Maurya on timeline

  5. Shunga • Centered around Vidisha • Vassal states – more or less independent • Issued their own coins • Little known about Magadha • Other kings: Agnimitra, Vasumitra, Bhagabhadra

  6. Greeks from Bactria • Demetrius – in early 2nd century BC – occupied Indus Valley and Punjab • Raids till Pataliputra • Divided into several petty kingdoms • One of the Greek kings, Menander, (ruler of Sakala - Sialkot) is well remembered in Buddhist sources • "The Questions of Milinda" - his dialogue with monk Nagasena

  7. Shunga on timeline

  8. Kushana • In first half of 1st century, the Kushana tribe of the Yeuh-Chi gained control of NW India

  9. Kanishka • Kanishka ruled till Varanasi - remembered as a great patron of Buddhism • Kanishka's coronation - AD 78 (?)‏ • 4th Buddhist council in Kashmir • Soon, this empire too reduced and NW India came under control of the Persians

  10. Kushana on timeline

  11. Kharavela of Kalinga • Latter half of 1st century BC • Short lived empire

  12. Satvahanas of the Deccan • Centered around Pratishthan (Paithan)‏ • Long lived empire – almost 300 years • Influence reached beyond Narmada

  13. The Saka threat • For a short time, Sakas under Nahapana gained control of NW Deccan

  14. Gautamiputra Satkarni (Shalivahan)‏ • In AD 125, Gautamiputra Satkarni recovered these lands and expanded his empire - from coast to coast

  15. Timeline

  16. Stupas - Sanchi • Commissioned by Ashoka • May have been destroyed by Pushyamitra Sunga • Rebuilt by Agnimitra Sunga • Gateways added by Satvahanas

  17. Stupas - Amravati • Amravati • Originally started by Ashoka • Completed in 200 AD

  18. Ajanta

  19. Trade with Rome

  20. Roman trade • Ports: • Barbaricum (Karachi)‏ • Barygaza (Bharuch)‏ • Calliena (Kalyan) – via Naneghat • Suppala (Sopara)‏ • “India, China and the Arabian peninsula take one hundred million sesterces from our empire per annum at a conservative estimate: that is what our luxuries and women cost us.” - Pliny (50 AD)‏