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Chapter 4 Study Guide

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  1. Chapter 4 Study Guide

  2. Relate a cell to a factory!

  3. Compare and Contrast a prokaryotic cell with a eukaryotic cell.

  4. Compare and contrast an animal cell with a plant cell.

  5. List two things a chloroplast produces that are essential for life.

  6. What is the double membrane that surrounds the nucleus?

  7. Main office = nucleus • Packaging center = golgi body • Factory doors = cell membrane • Electricity generator = mitochondria

  8. Compare = prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells both contain DNA • Contrast = “pro”karyotic cells have no nucleus and a “euk”aryotic cells has a nucleus

  9. Compare = Plant and animal cells are both eukaryotic. • Contrast = plant cells have a cell wall and chloroplast, animal cells do not

  10. Oxygen and sugar

  11. Nuclear envelope

  12. The plasma membrane does what?

  13. Plasma membranes are?

  14. Why is this cell an animal cell?

  15. The cell uses structure 3 to do what

  16. This cell’s chromosomes are found in what structure

  17. Which structure identifies this cell as eukaryotic?

  18. Encloses the content of the cell • Is selectively permeable • Allows material to enter and leave the cell

  19. Thin coverings that surround cells.

  20. NO CELL WALL

  21. To make and use energy

  22. Structure 2

  23. Structure 2

  24. What is the name of structure 1?

  25. What is the correct order of organization in living things?

  26. What are the organelles that contain a green pigment and produce oxygen and sugar?

  27. What organelle is the packaging and distribution cell?

  28. Why is surface area an important factor in determining cell size?

  29. What is the name of the organelle that regulates what enters and leaves the cell?

  30. Endoplasmic reticulum

  31. Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems

  32. chloroplasts

  33. Golgi body (apparatus or complex)

  34. The cell may become too large to take in enough food and get rid of enough waste.

  35. Plasma membrane

  36. The size to which a cell can grow is limited by its

  37. Are cell walls found in animal cells?

  38. When the volume of a cell increases what does the surface area do?

  39. What is a characteristic of a prokaryote?

  40. Where are proteins made?

  41. Hooke’s discovery of cells was made by observing what?

  42. Surface area

  43. NO

  44. Increases at a slower rate

  45. They have no nucleus.

  46. On the ribosomes

  47. Dead plant cells

  48. How are chloroplasts like mitochondria?

  49. What is the name of structures within the cell that perform specific functions?