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Classroom management for the 21 st Century Scholarship and certificate programme Workshop 2. Agenda for today: Classroom procedures Managing classroom procedures and transition times Developing your own classroom procedures Teacher time management Explanation of homework 1

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Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Classroom management for the 21st Century

Scholarship and certificate programme

Workshop 2


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

  • Agenda for today:

  • Classroom procedures

  • Managing classroom procedures and transition times

  • Developing your own classroom procedures

  • Teacher time management

  • Explanation of homework 1

  • Introduction to communication

  • Non-verbal communication activities

  • Explanation of homework 2

  • Break

  • Creativity and Flow

  • A spot of blue-sky thinking


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Classroom procedures:

  • Organisational and administrative parts of the school day

  • Unavoidable but add nothing to academic learning and can waste a huge amount of time and energy

  • Like classroom rules, procedures are most effective when implemented in discussion with students

Health warning: You can’t deliver long instructions for every single classroom procedure (and you shouldn’t have to!)


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Classroom procedures:

  • Beginning and ending a lesson

  • Transitions between activities

  • Interruptions

  • Resources and equipment: getting them out and putting them away

  • Moving around the classroom/school

  • Group work

  • Teacher-led discussions

  • Setting out a piece of work

  • Homework: giving it out/handing it in


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Homework 1!

  • Continue your reflective journal, reflecting on the classroom procedures you use and those that need to be made clearer to students


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Time management strategies for teachers

http://www.tes.co.uk/teaching-resource/Finding-Documents-Organising-Students-Giving-Instructions-6084418/


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

More strategies...

  • Cut down displacement activities

  • Sometimes ‘good enough’ is enough

  • Know yourself

  • Manage your marking

  • Say NO!

  • Deal with stress


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

An Introduction to Communication

  • Communication: “the imparting or exchanging of information by speaking, writing, or using some other medium” The Oxford English Dictionary

  • The classroom is a social setting

  • Whole-class teaching stretches our normal social skills to the extreme

  • Behaviour is an important form of communication, perhaps more so than the words we speak


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Behaviour as non-verbal communication:

  • Head and body posture

  • Facial expression

  • Gaze

  • Hand movements

  • Interpersonal distance

  • Intonation

  • Pace of speech

  • Dress


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Are you receiving me?! Taken from The Psychology of Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

TEACHER: Right lead in quietly. (The teacher remains outside the door and as the pupils enter they begin to talk noisily but not in an unruly way. When most have entered she follows, picking her way through those who are removing jackets, getting out books and chatting. As she does so, she repeats her instructions above their noise.)

TEACHER: Can you sit down please… OK sit down please. (Before reaching her table at the front of the room she turns towards the main body of the class.)

TEACHER: Would you please sit down and would you please take your jackets off because you’re going to be (she turns and walks to the front) you’re going to be too hot otherwise. (She continues to her table and looks around the room.)


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

A more authoritative approach: Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

The teacher stands inside the room as pupils enter, keeping an eye on what’s happening, then calmly makes her way to her table, allowing the class time to settle before using a raised voice to make herself heard above any remaining noise:

TEACHER: Right, could I have everyone’s attention? Thanks. (Waits a few seconds.)

TEACHER: Everyone’s attention. (Looks in the direction of those not attending.)

TEACHER: I need everyone’s attention…. Thanks. (for the benefit of child who is still not listening.)


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Homework 2! Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

  • Filming of your classroom teaching to observe non-verbal communication taking place


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

The Case for Creativity Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Motivation and Creativity: Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

Intrinsic motivation: motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure.

Extrinsic motivation: motivation that comes from outside of the individual. Common extrinsic motivations are rewards like money and grades, coercion and threat of punishment.

Wikipedia


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Motivation and Creativity: Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

  • Students are likely to be intrinsically motivated if they:

  • Attribute their educational results to factors under their own control (e.g. the effort used)

  • Believe they can be effective agents in reaching desired goals (i.e. the results are not determined by luck)

  • Are interested in mastering a topic, rather than just rote-learning to achieve good grades


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Flow: Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

A concept proposed by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi:

‘The state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter; the experience itself is so enjoyable that people will do it…for the sheer sake of doing it. ‘


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Flow: Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

  • Factors that promote flow:

  • A challenging activity that requires skill and attention

  • The merging of action and awareness

  • The loss of self-consciousness

  • Clear goals and immediate feedback

  • Concentration on the task at hand

  • A sense of personal control over the activity

  • A balance between ability and challenge

  • The transformation of time


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Motivation and Creativity: Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

Creativity: producing something new that is novel and of value.

Flow, creativity and motivation are linked:

Creativity increases enjoyment

Enjoyment allows you to achieve Flow

Students who experience Flow when undertaking work are intrinsically motivated to persevere


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

A spot of blue-sky thinking... Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)


Classroom management for the 21 st century scholarship and certificate programme workshop 2

Homework reminder Teaching and Learning in the Primary School (2004), Whitebread (Ed)

  • Continue your reflective journal, reflecting on the classroom procedures you employ and those that need to be made more explicit to students

  • Some of you will be filmed in your classrooms