American Studies • Mr. Wookey • Mrs. Hansen • Jim Crow Laws versus Nuremberg Laws
Native Son The objectives
The objectives • Understand Jim Crow Laws and their impact on Bigger and on future generations. • Consider Bigger’s ability to choose by identifying textual examples of naturalism and existentialism. • Why does Wright give us three books entitled: fear, flight, and fate? • Compare and contrast Jim Crow era and Nazi Germany.
Pair Share Discussion • Answer the following questions on a Word document. • E-mail your answers to Mrs. Hansen. • In large group discussion, I will randomly call on one person for each question. Be prepared to present your answer for each. Be prepared to defend your answer as well.
The Questions • Choose one statement and explain yourself: This is a novel of naturalism. This is a novel of existentialism. • How is Bigger a victim, a sacrificial figure? • Get into Wright’s head. Why does he give us Book One (Fear)? Why does he give us Book Two (Flight)? Why does he give us Book Three (Fate)?
The Questions • The word benighted means “overtaken by night or darkness; being in a state of moral or intellectual darkness; unenlightened.” At the end of the story, does Bigger remain benighted or does he become enlightened? Explain. • Why did Wright choose “Native Son” for the title of his novel? Support your answer with textual examples.
Native Son • “Bigger was a son of the United States society. He was compelled to kill under the circumstances that society gave to him. It was his surroundings that made him a beast in the white people’s eyes.” Steven Givens
Jim Crow versus Nazi Germany • The History of the Holocaust • To Kill a Mockingbird • Use Structured Note Taking to compare and contrast Jim Crow era and Nazi Germany.
The History of the Holocaust • Hitler’s Final Solution • Germans = Chosen Ones. • Genocide • Part Jewish?? • Blame depression on Jews
The History of the Holocaust • Used for ? • Slave Labor • Experiments • Abuse • ..\..\StartHolocaust.pdf • http://www.atech.org/faculty/vyoung/25-WWII/ClassPPT/Holocaust10_files/frame.htm
The History of the Holocaust • Timeline • 1933 Camps for Political Enemies = scare • Most Released (Homosexuals) • Nuremberg Laws are Created. • 1938 = Hitler starts Eugenics and Ghettos • 1941 = Killing Camps start.
The History of the Holocaust • U.S. and World Response • Not our problem. • Not going to change over immigration laws.
To Kill a Mockingbird (244-245) • Current Events in Maycomb County • Hitler is persecuting the Jews. • Democracy = “Equal rights for all, special privileges for none” • Then Mrs. Gates said, “That’s the difference between America and Germany. We are a democracy and Germany is a dictatorship . . . Over here we don’t believe in persecuting nobody. Persecution comes from people who are prejudice . . . There are no better people in the world than the Jews, and why Hitler doesn’t think so is a mystery to me.”
Web Quest • Purpose: Review information on Jim Crow Laws. Research and read the Nuremberg Laws. • Use “Structured Note-Taking” to compare and contrast both eras and both sets of laws. • Go to “My Computer.” • Go to “Wsd” drive. • Go to “Mary Barton” folder. • Find “reading_structured_note_taking” • See Mrs. Hansen’s example! • JCL versus NL.doc
JOURNAL • Create Structured Note document that compares and contrasts Jim Crow laws and Nuremburg laws. • Print it. • Put it into your journal.
Use these websites • “The Nuremberg Laws on Citizenship and Race:September 15, 1935”http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/nurmlaw2.html • “Law for the Protection of German Blood and German HonorSeptember 15, 1935”http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/nurmlaw3.html • “’Jim Crow’ Laws”http://www.nps.gov/malu/documents/jim_crow_laws.htm
Use these websites last • “THE NUREMBERG LAWS” http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/nurmberg.html