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Unit 27 The past and the future. The objectives of the unit. Learn how to talk about habits and routines in the past. Learn vocabulary for describing your family. Learn the first conditional with if . Learn how to use the different meanings of so. Session I.

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the objectives of the unit
The objectives of the unit
  • Learn how to talk about habits and routines in the past.
  • Learn vocabulary for describing your family.
  • Learn the first conditional with if.
  • Learn how to use the different meanings of so.
session i
Session I
  • Learn words to describe personality.
  • Learn how to talk about similarities and differences within a family.
family tree
Family tree
  • Great-grandparents
  • Grandparents
  • Parents\uncle\aunt
  • Sister\brother
  • Niece\nephew
  • Daughter-in-law
language focus
Language focus
  • Great
  • 1.可以在grandparent 前加great,表示曾祖父辈以上的人
  • 2. 在uncle/aunt前,表示更长一辈的关系
reading practice p104
Reading practice P104
  • Personality: (find out the adjs describing personality)
  • Moody:
  • Impatient:
  • Quick-tempered:
  • Calm:
  • Romantic:
  • Sociable:
  • Pessimistic:

Change your feelings or mood very often

find it difficult to wait for things to happen

Become angry very fast

Are quiet and do not get angry easily

Are rather or very emotional and imaginative

Enjoy being with other people

See the future as bad

slide7
Useful phrases:
  • Take after: (与家中年长的人性格、长相)像
  • I take after my grandma.We both have blond hair and blue eyes.
  • I take after my mother. We are both moody.
  • Look like:(外表)长得像
  • She looks like her mum.
  • Be like:(性格、行为上)像
  • He is like his dad. He is optimistic.
slide8
Used to: (过去常常做某事)
  • I used to have a walk with my parents after dinner.
  • Be used to: (经常做某事)
  • I am used to taking a walk.
  • Love doing sth.
  • I love staying at home, reading a book at weekend.
slide9
What about…
  • What about seeing a film tonight?
  • So does he
  • My grandma worded in a bank when she was young and so did my mum.
exercise personality p106
Exercise (personality)P106
  • 1 impatient Elaine伊莱恩
  • 2 romantic John 约翰
  • 3 sociable Sally萨莉
  • 4 pessimistic Steve史蒂夫
  • 5 shy Jill吉尔
  • 6 optimistic Roger罗杰
  • 7 patient Karen卡伦
  • 8 moody Charles查尔斯
  • 9 quick-tempered Diana 戴安娜
  • 10 calm Andrew安德鲁
session ii
Session II
  • Learn how to talk about things you did in the past but no longer do;
  • Revise the simple past.
keys to activity 7
Keys to activity 7
  • Find out the prooves
  • 在回答hown long引导的问题,要用介词for引出时间
activity 8
Activity 8
  • Adult- child
  • Dirty-clean
  • Dull-exciting
  • Empty/deserted-crowded
  • Fast-slow
  • Love-hate
  • Large-small
slide14
Somebody-nobody
  • Inside-outside
  • Polluted-unpolluted
  • Quiet-noisy
  • Similar-different
  • Somebody-anybody
  • Ugly-beautiful
grammar used to for since
Grammar(used to,for,since)

1. used to 的用法

used to 用来表示现在已经不存在的过去的习惯或常规。

肯定句:

___Franco used to see his cousins almost every day, but he does not now.

___Franco’s father used to be a farmer, but he isn’t now.

否定句:did not use + 动词不定式

I didn’t use to like London, but I do now.

I didn’t use to smoke, but I do now.

grammar used to for since1
Grammar(used to,for,since)

疑问句:Did + 主语 + use + 动词不定式

Did you use to smoke? No, I didn’t.

2. for 和 since 用来表示时间

· for 表示一段时间。如:

How long has he lived in London? He’s lived here for three years.

How long did he work there? Three years. or He worked there for three years.

注意:在问句中,How long 前一般不用 for , 但在省略问句中一般需要用for。如: I’m going into town. For how long? / How long for ?

grammar used to for since2
Grammar(used to,for,since)

· since 自从……,用来表示从过去某个具体的时间点开始 的动作或状态。如:

I have been in Scotland since last Friday.

· 二者的区别在于: for 后面跟表示一段时间的短语,而since 后面则跟表示具体时间的短语。如: for five minutes, for two weeks;

since yesterday, since last Monday, since five days ago

exercise used to p109
Exercise (used to)P109
  • 1.Charles used to smoke cigarettes, but now he doesn’t smoke at all.
  • 2. He used to drink champagne, but now he only drinks tea.
exercise tense p109
Exercise (tense)P109
  • Had
  • Worked\used to work
  • Said\used to say
  • Made\used to make
  • Spent\used to spend
  • Was\used to be
  • Shouted\used to shout
  • Became
  • Told
  • Changed
  • Changed
  • died
session iii
Session III
  • Learn the first conditional with if
  • Learn some ways in which so is used
activity 13
Activity 13
  • Read the dialogue on P241
  • Extend
  • 本义为直线状“伸展”,一般引申为“扩展”范围、领域等;用于比喻意义时,表示影响、势力和范围都超过目前;
  • Expand
  • 最普通用语,主要指物体由于外力或内力的作用而使面积、体积、数量等变大;也可以用于抽象事物。
slide22
Because the company was doing more business it was necessary to ( ) the factory. A)expand B)extend C)increase D)grow
  • 由于公司的生意越做越大,因此有必要将工厂扩建,故选 B)
grammar
Grammar
  • If真实条件句
  • 表示可能的条件及其可能带来的结果
  • 结构:if+从句(现在时),主句(将来时)
  • Eg. If I leave, I will be much happier.
  • If从句可以位于句首或句尾。
  • 句首时,要用逗号与主句隔开
  • 句尾时不需要。
exercise if p111
Exercise (if) P111
  • If he does the work, he will shut for 3 months.
  • He’ll make more money if he converts the restaurant.
  • If he expands the restaurant, he’ll get more customers.
  • If Polly hands in her notice, she’ll find a new job.
  • She’ll be happier if she gives up her job.
grammar so
Grammar :so
  • 1.强调。表示“如此,太”

so + adj

  • 2. 结果。“因此”

分句 + so (结果从句)

  • 3.引起倒装。“也”

so + 倒装结构 (v + s)

  • 4.表示目的。“这样”

so that + s + v

exercise so p112
Exercise(so)P112
  • I opened the door, so they could come in.
  • Everything in that shop is so expensive.
  • I like the new restaurant and so does Polly.
  • He’s really bad-tempered, so I don’t talk to him.
  • I’m tall and thin and so is my mother.
  • They were late, so they had to drive fast.
  • I’m a teacher and so is she.