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The French Revolution. Standard. Standard 3: History: WORLD HISTORY-Understand important historical events from classical civilization through the present. Benchmark.

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  • Standard 3: History: WORLD HISTORY-Understand important historical events from classical civilization through the present
  • Compare the causes and effects of the early modern democratic revolutions, including the American Revolution, French Revolution, Haitian Revolution, and South American revolutions
french revolution
French Revolution
  • What: overthrow of French monarchy to a republic
  • When: 1789 to 1799
  • Sig: first time monarchy overthrown for a democracy
  • Connection: led to nationalism
links to the past
Links to the Past
  • Enlightenment
    • Revolutionaries used Enlightenment ideas.
    • Emphasize individual
    • Rejected divine right
  • American Revolution
    • Found inspiration from them
    • Showed Enlightenment ideas can work
causes political and social
Causes-Political and Social
  • Political and social inequalities
    • King ruled as absolute monarch
    • What is an absolute monarch?
    • French people divided into 3 estates-social classes.
causes political and social con t
Causes-Political and Social (con’t)
  • First estate-clergy (priests)-130,000 people.
    • Divided into higher and lower clergy.
  • Second estate-nobility-350,000 people.
  • First and Second estate exempt from taxes, were wealthy.
  • Third estate-commoners-27 million people.
    • farmers, skilled laborers, middle class.
  • Each estate had one vote.
causes economic
  • King Louis XVI spent too much money.
  • 1789-government bankrupt.
  • Who do you think will bear the brunt of taxes?
causes enlightenment
  • American Revolution encouraged Frenchmen to fight for their freedom against tyranny.
  • Ideas of Enlightenment thinkers encouraged French to go against rulers.
  • Who were some Enlightenment thinkers and what were their ideas?
  • King Louis XVI called a meeting (Estates-General) in 1789
  • Third Estate deputies upset with voting procedure.
  • Third Estate deputies withdrew, called itself a National Assembly, agreed to draft a constitution.
    • Which other country had a constitution already?
events con t
Events (con’t)
  • Third Estate deputies swore a Tennis Court Oath-promised to write a constitution.
  • King Louis XVI was going to use force, but the commoners stormed Bastille-armory and prison in Paris.
  • Storming of Bastille started French Revolution, 1789.
events con t1
Events (con’t)
  • National Assembly wrote Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
    • Freedom and rights to all citizens, access to public office based on talent, end to exemptions from taxes, all citizens could make laws, freedom of speech and press.
    • What is this based off of?
effects of french revolution
Effects of French Revolution
  • No more nobility
  • Catholic Church had lands seized and sold, also French government controlled it.
  • Clergy elected by people and paid by state.
  • It led to wars with other countries like Austria and Prussia to attack.
    • Why?
  • French died to protect their country, their identity as Frenchmen.
effects con t
Effects (con’t)
  • Led to reign of terror
    • Anyone associated with royal family was executed.
  • United States condemned it because of executions.
  • Led to rise of Napoleon
effects con t1
Effects (con’t)
  • France no longer a medieval state.
  • Kept church and politics separate.
  • Enduring administrative and legal system Napoleon would spread throughout Europe.
  • Led to European Nationalism after Napoleon.