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Math 479 / 568 Casualty Actuarial Mathematics. Fall 2014 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Professor Rick Gorvett Session 1: Introduction and Overview August 26, 2014. Agenda. Syllabus Moi The actuarial profession The casualty actuarial profession The P/C insurance industry.

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math 479 568 casualty actuarial mathematics

Math 479 / 568 Casualty Actuarial Mathematics

Fall 2014

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Professor Rick Gorvett

Session 1: Introduction and Overview

August 26, 2014

agenda
Agenda
  • Syllabus
  • Moi
  • The actuarial profession
  • The casualty actuarial profession
  • The P/C insurance industry
syllabus
Syllabus
  • Course goals and context
  • Class schedule
    • Readings
    • Exams
    • Assignments
  • Projects and “Engagement”
  • Grading
syllabus cont
Syllabus (cont.)
  • “Engagement”
    • This is a participatory course
  • Elements
    • Class participation
    • Current events
    • Case studies
    • Small projects
    • Social media (e.g., Twitter)
slide5
Me
  • MBA and PhD in Finance
  • FCAS, ASA, CERA
  • Former practicing casualty actuary
  • CAS Board of Directors
  • Editor-in-Chief, Variance

(I wish…)

what is an actuary the technical definition
What is an Actuary?The Technical Definition
  • Someone with an actuarial designation
  • Property / Casualty:
    • FCAS: Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society
    • ACAS: Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society
  • Life:
    • FSA: Fellow of the Society of Actuaries
    • ASA: Associate of the Society of Actuaries
  • Other:
    • EA: Enrolled Actuary
    • MAAA: Member, American Academy of Actuaries
what is an actuary better definitions
What is an Actuary?Better Definitions
  • “One who analyzes the current financial implications of future contingent events”

- p.1, Foundations of Casualty Actuarial Science

  • “Actuaries put a price tag on future risks. They have been called financial architects and social mathematicians, because their unique combination of analytical and business skills is helping to solve a growing variety of financial and social problems.”

- p.1, Actuaries Make a Difference

membership statistics nov 2012
Membership Statistics (Nov., 2012)
  • Casualty Actuarial Society:
    • Fellows: 4,015
    • Associates: 1,614
    • Total: 5,629
  • Society of Actuaries:
    • Fellows: 14,187
    • Associates: 9,111
    • Total: 23,298
casualty actuaries by type of employment
Casualty Actuariesby Type of Employment
  • Insurance companies: 2,550
  • Reinsurers: 546
  • Consultants: 890
  • Organizations serving insurance: 318
  • Brokers and agents: 120
  • Government: 93
  • Academic: 24
  • Other: 738
  • Retired: 350
cas exams advanced topics
CAS Exams – Advanced Topics
  • Ratemaking
  • Loss reserving
  • Regulation
  • Financial reporting
  • Estimation of liabilities
  • Enterprise risk management
  • Insurance company valuation
  • Advanced ratemaking
  • Financial risk and rate of return

Exam 5

Exam 6

Exam 7

Exam 8

Exam 9

history of the cas
History of the CAS
  • Founded in 1914
    • (Big plans for the centennial in NY, Nov. 2014!)
    • Initial concern: workers compensation (introduced in 1911)
  • Functions:
    • Membership standards (e.g., exams, code of conduct)
    • Communications with public
    • Seminars, research
  • In academia, still the minority presence
traditional actuarial functions
Traditional Actuarial Functions
  • Loss reserving
    • Co.’s policyholders have had “occurrences” (or “incidents” or “claims”)
    • Actuary determines the aggregate dollars that will ultimately be paid out on those occurrences
  • Ratemaking
    • A “risk” (or “insured” or “policyholder”) has an exposure to loss
    • Actuary determines the “rate” (cost per unit of exposure)
    • “Premium” = exposure × rate
recent developments in actuarial practice
Recent Developments inActuarial Practice
  • Risk & return, and other financial applications
    • E.g., ROE, ALM, insurance securitization
  • Dynamic financial analysis
    • An approach to modeling the interaction between insurance and financial operations
  • Enterprise risk management
    • Holistic approach to identifying, quantifying, and managing risk
other emerging developments
Other Emerging Developments
  • Statistics
    • Predictive modeling
    • Big data
  • Modeling
    • Catastrophe
    • Behavioral
  • Financial reporting and regulation
how well do we do all this
How Well Do We Do All This?
  • “Insurance Actuaries – A Crisis of Credibility”
    • Issuedby Standard & Poor’s, November, 2003
  • Some quotes:
    • “Perpetual additions to reserves are an indication that all is not well with insurers’ assessments of their future payouts, but it is time to examine how actuaries contribute to the problem, according to Standard & Poor’s analysts.”
    • “‘Actuaries are signing off on reserves that turn out to be wildly inaccurate,’…”
    • “‘ …reserve shortfalls don’t just happen overnight. What happened to all the reserving opinions signed by actuaries in prior periods?’”
the actuarial profession s response
The Actuarial Profession’s Response
  • CAS – Memorandum summarizing visit with S&P: “S&P acknowledged that they deliberately used flamboyant language in the article in order to get the attention of the reader. As strange as it seems, they say they did not want to impugn actuaries. In fact, their concern is that the voice of the actuary (internal or external) is not being heard by company managements.”
  • AAA news release: S&P report is “fundamentally flawed.”
the property casualty insurance industry
The Property / CasualtyInsurance Industry
  • Industry facts and numbers
  • Companies
  • Lines of business
  • Very nice resource: Insurance Information Institute (iii) website – www.iii.org
next time
Next Time
  • Risks and Risk Theory
  • Risks and risk management
    • Description of “risk”
    • Management of risk
    • Control and financing of risk
  • Risk theory
    • Utility theory
    • Ruin theory
    • Solvency issues
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