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Asepsis and Infection Control. NUR 302 Professor Susan Blakey, RN, MS. Infection Cycle. Breaking the Chain of Infection. Organisms Seen in Hospital. Staphylococcus aureus. Organisms. Hepatitis B Mycobacterium tuberculosis Escherichia coli Human Immunodeficiency virus.

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asepsis and infection control

Asepsis and Infection Control

NUR 302

Professor Susan Blakey, RN, MS

organisms seen in hospital
Organisms Seen in Hospital
  • Staphylococcus aureus
organisms
Organisms
  • Hepatitis B
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Escherichia coli
  • Human Immunodeficiency virus
stages of infection8
Stages of Infection
  • Full Stage

Signs and symptoms

  • Convalescent

Recovery

response to infection
Response to Infection
  • Normal Flora
  • Inflammatory Response
response to infection10
Response to Infection
  • Immune Response
at risk for infection
At Risk for Infection
  • Integrity of skin and mucous membranes
  • Integrity of WBCs
  • Vulnerable populations
  • General Health Status
  • Stress Level
  • Indwelling devices
common infections
Common Infections
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
common infections13
Common Infections
  • Pulmonary Infections
common infections14
Common Infections
  • Skin Infections
prevention
PREVENTION
  • Careful assessment
  • Early detection AND action
  • Immunizations
  • Assess for infections
laboratory data
Laboratory Data

Normal values are listed. With infection, all are elevated

  • WBCs (5,000-10,000 mm3)
  • Neutrophils (60-70%)- acute infection
  • Lymphocytes (20-40%)- chronic infection
  • Eosinophils (1-4%)- allergic reaction
  • Pathogen present in culture
patient outcomes
Patient Outcomes
  • Handwashing
  • Hygiene
  • Nutrition
  • Immunizations
  • Signs of infection
  • Symptoms of allergies
asepsis
Asepsis
  • Activities to prevent spread of infection
  • Medical asepsis- clean technique
  • Surgical asepsis- sterile technique
medical asepsis
Medical Asepsis
  • Hand hygiene
  • Carry linens away from your body
  • No linens on floor
  • Cover mouth when sneezing
  • Do not raise dust
  • Do not shake linens
  • Clean to dirty
  • Transmission precautioins
cdc guidelines
CDC Guidelines
  • Soiled hands- Wash with soap and water
  • Not visibly soiled- alcohol based rub
personal protective equipment
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Gloves
  • Gown
  • Mask
  • Protective Eyewear
osha precautions
OSHA Precautions
  • Standard Precautions
osha precautions26
OSHA Precautions
  • Airborne Precautions
osha precautions27
OSHA Precautions
  • Droplet Precautions
osha precautions28
OSHA Precautions
  • Contact Precautions
surgical asepsis
Surgical Asepsis
  • Sterile can touch only sterile
  • Do not spill on a sterile field
  • Hold objects above waist
  • Do not reach over field
  • Do not turn back on field
  • Outer 1 inch is considered sterile
  • If in doubt, treat as contaminated
surgical asepsis30
Surgical Asepsis
  • Donning Sterile Gloves
surgical asepsis31
Surgical Asepsis
  • Opening Sterile Packages
surgical asepsis32
Surgical Asepsis
  • Sterile Procedures
nosocomial infections
Nosocomial Infections
  • Hospital Acquired
  • Handwashing- best way to prevent nosocomial infections
antibiotic resistant organisms
Antibiotic-Resistant Organisms
  • MRSA

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

VRE

Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus

VISA- Vancomycin Intermediate Resistant Staphylococcus aureus