NORTH AFRICA Ciara Greene, Claire Hallman, Michael Turner, Michaela Park, Adeline Naon, Jocelyn Davis
Islam spreads throughout North Africa • Muslim-Arab armies: through North Africa from Egypt to the Maghreb • Merged with native Berber traditions to create a unique Islamic culture.
Basic Information Almoravids came before the Almorhads Almorhads conquered the Almoravids
Islam Law • Quran, Shari'a describes all possible human acts, dividing them into permitted (halal) and prohibited (haram). • Rules regulates all matters of muslim life and governing of the Islamic state.
Abdallah ibn Yasin’s rise to power • Recruited by the Gudala to preach to their tribe. • Expelled him from their tribe. • Sought refuge in a ribat. • While in the ribat, he created a highly disciplined society known as the Almaravid. • Seized control of the Saharan Trade Route • Unifying Islam • In 1070 Abu Bakr seized Marrakech and turned it into the main military base
Almoravid • The empire stretched 3,000 kilometers north to south. • The Almoravids built the city of Marrakech, an influential center of power. • In 1083 the king of Seville asked the Almoravid army to protect them from the advancing christian army. • The Muslim influence in modern day Spain and other surrounding areas is due to the Almoravids effort in stopping the christian army
Almoravid Koubba • The Koubba- architecture from the Almoravid left in Marrakech. • Built in 1117 and managed to survive until it was excavated in 1952. • The architecture exemplifies the features of Almohad design: unique shape of the windows, merlons, and the geometric shaped designs.
Annotated Bibliography "Almoravid Dynasty." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. These are just some of the general facts about the Almoravid Dynasty. "Fanack.com." Berber Dynasties: The Almoravids. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. Some more general facts about the Almoravids, and explains where the English name "Almoravid" comes from. "A Luxury Boutique Hotel in the Heart of Ancient Marrakech." History Of Marrakesh – History Of Marrakech. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. Though this is a travel website, it gave us some information about Marrakesh, since that's the point of the website in the first place. "Almoravid Architecture (1061-1147)." SkyscraperCity RSS. N.p., 07 Dec. 2007. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. This told us about the architectural standpoint of Northern Africa, mainly Morocco back then. It also gave us tons of images to look at, and tons of background information to account for it.
Why Us? • Rose swiftly and spread. • Saharan trade route • Relatively no war going on. People Used peace to to convert to the Muslim religion unlike dictators and monarchs. • Abdallah Ibn Yasin spread Islam. • The Almoravids military cultivated Islam throughout Spain and it’s surrounding areas.