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North Africa. Before 1941 Germany had control under General Rommel’s (“Desert Fox”) command 1942 British want to invade N. Africa and Italy (“soft underbelly”) – U.S. wants to invade France – Operation Torch English General Montgomery pushes Rommel out El Alamein (Egypt)

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north africa
North Africa
  • Before 1941
    • Germany had control under General Rommel’s (“Desert Fox”) command
  • 1942
    • British want to invade N. Africa and Italy (“soft underbelly”) – U.S. wants to invade France – Operation Torch
    • English General Montgomery pushes Rommel out
    • El Alamein (Egypt)
      • Montgomery beats Rommel in surprise attack
north africa1
North Africa
  • Eisenhower (American) chases Rommel from other side
  • Rommel surrounded
    • Rommel accused of plot to assassinate Hitler
    • Takes poison and commits suicide
italy 1943
Italy - 1943
  • Allies attack Italy
  • Mussolini out of power
  • Germans come in and put Mussolini back in power
  • 1944 - Allies take Italy again (Battle of Anzio and Monte Cassino)
d day

D-Day

June 6, 1944

operation overlord
Operation Overlord
  • Invasion finally a go for May 1944 – Where to attack?
  • Weather and plans push back invasion
  • Time to fake out Germans – fake army, inflatable tanks, Patton, decoy bombing

http://ocean.otr.usm.edu/~w416373/HIS%20351/Lsn%2018-%20WWII%20Normandy.ppt#338,2,Operation Overlord

inflatable tanks
Inflatable Tanks

http://ocean.otr.usm.edu/~w416373/HIS%20351/Lsn%2018-%20WWII%20Normandy.ppt#338,2,Operation Overlord

ready for operation overlord
Ready for Operation Overlord
  • June 5, 1944 chosen as invasion day
  • More than 700 Allies die in rehearsal
  • Bad weather forces delay to 6th
  • Germans waiting for Allies (though mainly at Calais)
allied plan

http://ocean.otr.usm.edu/~w416373/HIS%20351/Lsn%2018-%20WWII%20Normandy.ppt#338,2,Operation Overlord

Allied Plan
  • The Allied plan would involve amphibious landings on the Normandy beaches supported by airborne assaults behind the beaches to block German counterattacks
june 6 1944
June 6, 1944
  • Paratroopers begin landing shortly after midnight
  • Minesweepers led the way
  • Planes bomb beaches (7500 sorties between midnight and 8 a.m. – 31,000 airmen)
  • Landing begins at 6:30 a.m.
  • Landing at 5 beaches (Omaha, Utah, Gold, Juno, and Sword) - - all secured by end of day
  • 195,000 soldiers/navy (American, British, and Canadian - - 133,000 go to shore), 7000 ships with landing crafts, tanks, etc., 11,000 airplanes
http ocean otr usm edu w416373 his 20351 lsn 2018 20wwii 20normandy ppt 338 2 operation overlord
http://ocean.otr.usm.edu/~w416373/HIS%20351/Lsn%2018-%20WWII%20Normandy.ppt#338,2,Operation Overlord

At low tide, the assaulting troops had to cross more than 300 meters of completely exposed beach.

aftermath
Aftermath
  • Over 10,000 casualties
    • Heaviest losses at Omaha
  • By June 30th, over 850,000 men, 148,000 vehicles, and 570,000 tons of supplies
  • By Sep. 30, Allies have freed France, Belgium, and Luxembourg
  • Germans make one last push (Battle of the Bulge – December 1944) - - initially successful but eventually lose
slide17
1945
  • Mussolini killed
    • Mussolini is found dressed as German Soldier
    • Shot the next day and hung from town square in Milan
germans close to surrender
Germans close to surrender
  • Hitler marries Eva Braun
  • Writes final note to Germans
    • Blames Jews for starting war
    • Blames his generals for losing war
  • April 30, 1945
    • Takes poison and then shoots himself; Eva swallows poison
april and may 1945
April and May 1945
  • Roosevelt dies
  • Germany surrenders unconditionally
  • May 8, V-E Day (victory of Europe)
    • Truman (new U.S. president) accepts surrender