Digital Video Photography
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Digital Video Photography. IBM PC Club June 2004 Bob Stephens [email protected] Editing and Equipment. Introduction . Bob’s Background Digital Video Photography Class At SeniorNet, Almaden Center. Overview The Past. Overview Two Basic Areas. VCR. Three Basic Areas. PC.

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Digital Video Photography

Editing and Equipment

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  • Bob’s Background

  • Digital Video Photography Class

    • At SeniorNet, Almaden Center

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OverviewThe Past

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OverviewTwo Basic Areas


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Three Basic Areas - Plus

Mini DV, D8 (DV), Analog Cameras

Micro DV is Discontinued

Some Vendors



Sonic Factory



Windows Movie Maker 2




Analog +

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Three Basic Areas – Connect




1394/Firewire/iLink – Digital

Composite, S Video – Analog

Analog Converter card or box

1.0GHZ+, 256MB

13GB/Hour of DV Video

1394 for DV

Analog card

USB 2.0 for photos

2nd Video Capture drive



CD Writer

DVD Writer

VCD (VHS quality)

SVCD (better)

DVD (best)


DVD Player

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DV Camcorders

Are they good cameras?

Digital Cameras

Are they good camcorders?


Video Editors

What do we want to accomplish?


Cameras and Editors

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Dispelling the Myth

  • DV produces 720x480 pixel pictures (broadcast quality)

    • Some cams have up to 1.5M+ pixels for digital pictures

  • Would you buy a 1.5MP camera today?

  • Camcorders DO NOT make good digital cameras

  • And digital cameras DO NOT make good camcorders

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Dispelling the Myth

  • Most Digital Cameras produce low resolution/frame rate video, many without sound (but within that limitation they serve a useful purpose)

  • A few do produce acceptable video. The Fuji S602 when combined with the 1GB IBM Microdrive will produce a very reasonable 680x480 15 minute video with sound. And up to 30 minutes at lower resolution (VHS), OR about 3000 high resolution pictures.

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Mini DV Camcorder Features

  • Up to 20x Optical Zoom

  • 500x Digital Zoom – Of very limited value

  • Viewfinder and LCD displays

  • Battery life and HOW do you charge the batteries (YES you’ll need 2 batteries)

  • Pass though (digital to/from analog)

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Show Video Zoom Video

Show Camcorder

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Video Editor Features

  • Capture Input

  • Delete unwanted portions of the video (one estimated is 50% of the video)

  • Merge multiple video clips

  • Add Titles

  • Add Transitions

  • Add Pictures

  • Add Sound

  • Preview video

  • Create Viewable video

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Video Editor Features

  • Enhance video (change color, double the speed, etc.)

  • Add credits (scrolling credits)

  • Authoring for DVD’s

    • Menus

    • Motion backgrounds

  • Output

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Video Editor Features

  • Make Output

    • Save as a file (various formats)

    • Burn a VCD or SVCD

    • Burn a DVD

    • Save to DV camcorder

    • Analog output (camcorder, VHS, etc.)

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All Camcorders



Tape Source


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Analog camcorder







Tape Not Used

for Passthrough


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Digital 8 or D8 Camcorders

8mm Analog

Tape (Read only)




May Support Passthorugh



Tape Source

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Show VHS Tivo Comparison Video

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Minimum PC

  • 600MHZ, 1.0GHZ+ better

  • 128MB, 256MB+ better

  • Lots of disk space, 40GB marginal

    • Consider 200GB for $100 as a second drive for video

  • Video, sound, 1394, analog capture card, USB 2.0

  • Check your video software, I’d use their recommended PC, not their minimum PC

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  • Most to least desirable – XP, W2K, 98SE, ME

  • Very limited NT Support

  • Be aware of the 4GB file size limit of FAT32. XP or W2K with NTFS recommended

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Why XP?

  • The most stable Windows OS

  • The best supported OS

  • Plug and play

  • Expanded device support

  • Supports NTFS file system

  • Includes WMM 2

  • Second choice for video is W2K

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NTFS File System

  • Stability and Recovery from errors

  • Efficient for small file sizes, directory cluster size, file lookup

  • Up to 8 Peta bytes (1,000,000 GB’s)

  • No 4GB file size limitation

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Vendor Editor Software

  • $100 Range

  • Digital Video Creator 80 (Dazzle), Dazzle recently merged with Pinnacle

  • DVD Movie Factory 2 (Ulead)

  • DVD Picture Show 2 (Ulead)

  • Screenblaster Movie Studio (Sonic Foundry)

  • Studio 9 (Pinnacle Systems) and other related products.

  • Video Explosion Deluxe (Nova)

  • Video Studio 7 (Ulead)

  • Video Wave 5 (Roxio)

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Vendor Editor Software

  • $300 Range – May contain breakout box hardware

  • Digital Video Creator 150 (Pinnacle/Dazzle)

  • Hollywood DV Bridge (Pinnacle/Dazzle)

  • Studio Deluxe (Pinnacle)

  • Studio Moviebox (Pinnacle)

  • Above $300

  • Liquid Edition 5 (Pinnacle)

  • Premier (Adobe)

  • Vegas 4.0 (Sonic Foundry)

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Video Player Software

  • You’ll also want to be able to view video on your PC (besides the video editor preview window) that’s quick and easy to use

  • Windows Media Player (WMP version 9) that comes with the Microsoft OS’s will do the job, in addition to many others

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Commercial DVD Format

  • Single Sided, Dual Layer (DVD9)

    • Top layer 4.7GB

    • Bottom layer 3.8GB

    • Total 8.5GB

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Recordable DVD Format

  • Single Sided, Single Layer (DVD5)

    • 4.7GB

    • Dual Format – and +, Both formats are popular

    • Four Media’s DVD–R/RW and DVD+R/RW

  • DVD-RAM, Not nearly as popular as the Dual Format’s

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Recordable DVD DL Format(Dual Layer)

  • Just starting to become available for consumers

  • Cost about $300

  • Media cost?

  • Software support?

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DVD Labels (physical labels)

  • When compared to CD’s

  • DVD’s have higher RPM

  • DVD’s have higher temperatures

  • General Advice – DON’T LABEL DVD’s

    • Use permanent pen

    • Or printable DVD’s with printer

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Windows Movie Maker 2

  • Screen shots from WMM2

  • The functions of WMM2 are typical of video editors

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Digital Video


  • IBM PC Club

  • 3/9/04