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UK CMA Insurance meeting , Milton Keynes, 2006. Deer–Vehicle Collisions in the UK : A nationwide issue Dr Jochen Langbein. P r e l i m i n a r y f i n d i n g s. Public / Media in UK still mostly view Animal-Vehicle collisions as ” Freak accidents ”.
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Deer–Vehicle Collisions in the UK : A nationwide issue
Dr Jochen Langbein
P r e l i m i n a r y f i n d i n g s
Animal-Vehicle collisions as
“Biker dies in freak collision on A24” – West Sussex- BBC News 4 June 2006
DRIVER KILLED BY FLYING DEER ….in “freak” accident on A35, Hampshire (Daily Mirror 28 / 11 / 2006)
yet general estimates suggest that wild large mammals killed on roads in Britain every year include around :
In Unites States Deer-Vehicle Collisions are now widely recognised as a major Insurance risk
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety report for 2005 estimates :
- The top ten ranked States contributed 51% of claims
- and here DVCs make up 5% - 17% of all motor crash claims !
(based on Road Kill data from 8 countries with available records
Including among others :
Germany :120,000 roe; 6500 wild boar; 2800 red & fallow;
Sweden:50,000 roe; 4000 moose;
Austria:35,000 roe; 400 red deer ; 150 boar
Denmark:10,000 roe; 100 red deer
(those reported to the project are still likely to represent <20% of all DVCs occurring; level of duplicate reporting of incidents on same date / county is < 5%)
or dead deer seen at roadsides
between 2003 to 2007
either on-line to:
BUT occur within <10% of all traffic; therefore ‘risk’ of hitting a deer per mile driven doubles !
Total 16,519 DVC records 2003-5 plotted
Relative frequency of recorded DVCs in 2003+2004 in southern England; replotted at finer scale for nos. incidents per 5 km by 5 km OS grid square.
Fortis ‘deer’ related claims 1999 to 2004
Using sample from Fortis Group Insurance claims data
(i.e. based on claims arising from their c. 1.3 million private motor polices , equiv. to c. 4.25 % market share)
for extrapolation to Great Britain suggests approx:
‘deer-related’ motor claims per year
@ avg. cost £1320 = £ 13.9 Million in GB
of which c. 18.5 % in Scotland = 2.57 M
Among c. 45,000 deer injured or killed in vehicle collisions, near 500 of these lead to human injury in the UK every year. Cost to Economy?
‘Deer Collisions contribute around 50% of all human injury RTAs involving ‘wild’ mammals; and around 23% overall among all animal (wild or domestic) related vehicle accidents.(Sample data for PIAs from 14 English Counties in 1999-2003)
per Injury accident by severity
(UK Highways Economic Note 1: 2003 values)
Ave. per PIA incident: £ 61,120
Value of Prevention of animal related human injury RTAs
(@ mean £61,000 per incident)
c. 500 with Deer alone = > £ 30, 000, 000 per annum
All Animal related = > £ 130 Million per annum
Personal injury RTAs
Deer Killed / Injured c. 46,000 (+/- 9000),
c. £ 14 Million in GB
c. 500 per annum @ economic cost > £ 30 M
Live injured deer dispatch / rescue
Carcass collection / disposal
- but so far have good info from only one company.
- but we need to extend sample to wider range of companies
e.g. : Advice Drivers to
Take note of signs !
Beware that deer often travel in groups
Heightened risk in areas through or near to woodland.
Highest risk times dusk to midnight, and around dawn
Also DVCs peak during May and October to December
Don’t overswerve to avoid
Dip main beam if deer on road ahead to avoid them ‘freezing’
Further details see www.deercollisions.co.uk / avoidance