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IPCI! Indicator of Parent-Child Interaction A Practitioner-Friendly Tool for Monitoring Progress in Parent-Child Inter PowerPoint Presentation
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IPCI! Indicator of Parent-Child Interaction A Practitioner-Friendly Tool for Monitoring Progress in Parent-Child Interaction. www.challengingbehavior.org. Judith Carta & Kathleen Baggett Juniper Gardens Children’s Project www. igdi .ku.edu. Goals today. Tell you what IPCIs are.

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slide1

IPCI! Indicator of Parent-Child InteractionA Practitioner-Friendly Tool for Monitoring Progress in Parent-Child Interaction

www.challengingbehavior.org

Judith Carta & Kathleen Baggett

Juniper Gardens Children’s Project

www.igdi.ku.edu

goals today
Goals today
  • Tell you what IPCIs are.
  • Describe how they are used.
  • Discuss practice void that IPCIs fill.
  • Describe preliminary efforts at scaling up their use.
how can we identify the youngest children with challenging behaviors
How can we identify the youngest children with challenging behaviors?
  • Ask parents and caregivers
  • Observe in naturalistic situations
  • Set up natural opportunities for interaction and observe
we need to know about caregivers behavior too
We need to know about caregivers’ behavior too.
  • Caregivers’ behavior often sets the occasion for children’s behavior
  • Caregivers provide a critical context for their children’s development.
    • High-risk interactions
    • Supportive/facilitative behavior
  • Enhancing caregivers’ responsiveness is often an important target for intervention
slide5

What Features Are Needed in an Indicator of Earliest Interactions?

  • Easy-to-use: to screen and identify at-risk interactions with very young children
  • Quick and repeatable: to allow for progress monitoring in the context of interventions
  • Easily trained: So interventionists from varying disciplines can use them efficiently and communicate with each other
  • Traditional psychometric properties
what is the ipci
What is the IPCI?
  • An experimental measure of parent-child interaction
  • Being field-tested and refined to screen & monitor

parent-child interaction

  • For use by early interventionists such as:

>Part-C EI Teachers

>Early Head Start Advocates

>Social Workers

>Home Visiting Nurses

what does the ipci measure
What does the IPCI Measure?
  • Parent Behavior
  • Child Behavior
  • Dyadic Behavior
how is ipci administered
How is IPCI administered?
  • In family homes or other caregiving settings (centers, foster homes)
  • 4 semi-structured authentic activities are observed for a total of 10 minutes
  • 14 items are rated on a 4-point scale for relative frequency (following observation)
  • Videotaping is not required (except for intervention purposes)
what activities are observed
What Activities are Observed?
  • Free Play (4 minutes)
  • Book Reading (2 minutes)
  • Distraction Task (2 minutes)
  • Dressing (2 minutes)
slide10

Free Play

  • - ‘Whatever you & your child love to do together’
  • Mail Free Play Getting Mail.mpg
looking at books however you and child would like to use these books
Looking at Books: However you and child would like to use these books’

Looking at Books.wmvVideo Clip

distraction task
Distraction Task

‘Please stay on the blanket with your child and keep child away from recorder’

ipci parent child domains
IPCI Parent & Child Domains
  • Parental Caregiver Domains
    • Facilitators
    • Interrupters
  • Child Domains
    • Engagement
    • Distress
ipci child domains
IPCI Child Domains

Child Engagement

  • Positive Feedback
  • Sustained Engagement
  • Follow-Through

Child Distress

  • Overwhelmed by negative affect (fussing, whining, crying, difficult-to-read signals)
  • Externalizing behavior (tantrum)
  • Frozen, Watchful, Withdrawn
initial scaling up efforts
Initial Scaling Up Efforts
  • Website
  • Funding from Early Head Start in KS and Mo to scale up use statewide
  • Funding from ACF to explore use of IPCI by programs and practitioners
  • Funding from OSEP to compare web-based versus in-person training
use of indicators can lead to improvements in intervention
Use of Indicators Can Lead to Improvements in Intervention
  • Can help practitioners know more quickly when a change is necessary
  • Can help administrative staff understand when programs need improvements
types of ipci reports
Types of IPCI Reports
  • Interventionists and Supervisors
    • Assessor certification and use
    • Child and Family Background
    • Domain Reports
    • Essential Element Reports
  • Program Administrator
  • Agency Administrator
uses for interventionist reports
Uses for Interventionist Reports
  • Progress monitoring
  • Guiding intervention with families
  • Sharing data with parents
  • Reflective supervision
  • Mental health consultation
uses for program and agency administrator reports
Uses for Program and Agency Administrator Reports
  • Reporting program staff involvement in progress monitoring
  • Reporting frequency of program monitoring and number of families involved
  • Reporting the difference in the number of children and parents whose interactions are at above benchmark following particular program-wide interventions
  • Reporting the difference in number of children and parents whose interactions are at or above benchmark at the end of a program as compared to at entry
conclusion
Conclusion
  • We expect IPCIs will be useful to:
    • screen for high-risk dyads
    • monitor progress in dyadic interventions
  • We expect that stronger “interventionist-friendly” measures will lead to more effective interventions.