Immigrant Labor and Identity Politics “That victim who is able to articulate the situation ofthe victim has ceased to be a victim; he, or she, has become a threat.” -JAMES BALDWIN
Background • “On election day in 1994, nearly 60 percent of the California electorate · voted in favor of Proposition 187, a measure designed to deny medical treatment and education and to deliver excruciating pain and punishment to undocumented workers and their families. (Lipsitz)” • “The initiative required the expulsion from school of close to 500,000 students, mandated denial of prenatal care to pregnant women, deprived deaf children of sign language instruction, and demanded that doctors refuse to provide their patients with immunization shots and refuse tests and treatment for victims of AIDS, tuberculosis, alcoholism, and all other diseases. (Lipsitz)”
Definition of Immigrant: “a person who comes to a country to take up permanentresidence”(Webster Dictionary) • Estimation Number- An estimation of about 12 million illegal immigrants in the country. • Job Issues- In 2010 there is believed to have been 8.5 million jobs occupied by illegal immigrants. http://www.fairus.org/issues/illegal-immigration
Topic: Illegal Immigrants and the political/economical issues that effect the country. • Focus: The role that politics play on how to contain the immigration struggles. • Method: Textual Analysis on the bills currently passed by the government; and their effectiveness. • Target: Citizens and illegal immigrants • Goal: To further analyze the complex situation of immigration while separating the positives and negatives of allowing illegal immigration in the United States.
Issues Immigrants Face • Undocumented workers pay far more in taxes than they receive in services. • In addition, they benefit the U.S. economy as productive low-wage laborers, in- eligible for direct welfare assistance. • Vulnerable as "illegal" immigrants to employers who can mistreat them-and in some cases run out on paying them any wages at all-secure in the knowledge that the workers' undocumented status makes it all but impossible for them to file complaints with the legally constituted authorities.
Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3eQZoXAU7X0
Where Do “You” Draw The Line? • What do you feel should be done about the ongoing struggle with immigration? • How do you distinguish what is enough time an illegal immigrant has to be living in the country for before they gain citizenship?
The Current Plan • “Under Obama's plan, those who qualify would be allowed to live and work in the United States for two years and could be eligible for extensions” • http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/06/15/us-usa-immigration-idUSBRE85E0VA20120615 • President Barack Obama explained his administration's decision to allow as many as 800,000 young illegal immigrants to apply for temporary legal status and work permits. • http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/watch-live-obama-explains-decision-legalize-young-illegal-165949610.html
What Makes Them Eligible? • “To qualify, illegal immigrants must be under 31 years old and have come to the United States before they were 16. They must show that they have lived here continuously since June 15, 2007, and be currently in school or have earned a high school diploma or have been honorably discharged from the military. They must pass a background check to show they do not have any significant criminal record or pose a threat to national security.” • http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/i/immigration-and-emigration/index.html
Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H8lLU7XjcWc&feature=related
Further Analyzing of Immigration • Mexico is the country with the most illegal immigrants in the U.S.A; followed by China and India. http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2012/06/daily-chart-18 • Larger Corporations and Upper Class Americans were actually against Proposition 187 because it would make illegal immigrants unbearable and practically force them to leave. Which meant cheap and efficient labor would leave as well.
Race Factor • Mexican resemblance may cause automatic stereotype of being an illegal immigrant. • African American or Asian does not have the same stereotype, why?
Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnRacBZ43Oc
Final Question • Will the United States Economy down the road be effected in a very negative way if illegal immigrants leave entirely…?