Critical Thinking Eight essential guidelines to critical and creative thinking.
Eight guidelines:* Ask questions; be willing to wonder.* Define your terms.* Examine the evidence.* Analyze assumptions and biases.* Avoid emotional reasoning.* Don’t oversimplify.* Consider other interpretations.* Tolerate uncertainty.
Factors that enhance critical thinking. • Simply observe and promote guidelines as outlined on the previous slide, e.g., ask questions, clearly define your terms, examine all of the evidence, look at your assumptions and biases, try not to reason with emotion, don’t oversimplify problems, consider alternative explanations, and try to tolerate uncertainty.
Barriers to critical thinking • Conformity • Diffusion or not taking responsibility • Groupthink • Coercive persuasion • Prejudice and ethnocentric thinking • Stereotyping • Pre-existing mindset • And, the absence of awareness of the eight essential guidelines as outlined earlier.