Bill of Rights and Basic Freedoms Goals: To learn the Bill of Rights To understand how the Bill of Rights guarantees certain freedoms
Bill of Rights • 1st Amendment - Religious and Political Freedom • 2nd Amendment - Right to Bear Arms • 3rd Amendment - Protection Against Quartering Troops • 4th Amendment - Protection Against Illegal Search and Seizure • 5th Amendment - Rights of an Accused Person
Bill of Rights (Cont.) • 6th Amendment - Right to a Public Trial • 7th Amendment - Jury Trials in Civil Cases • 8th Amendment - Punishment for Crimes • 9th Amendment - Rights of People • 10th Amendment - Powers of States and People
Kinds of Protections and Rights in Conflict • Civil Liberties are protections against government, freedoms and rights guaranteed to every citizen • Civil Rights generally refer to positive acts of government protection against group discrimination (often for minority groups)
Tinker vs. Des Moines (1965) • In 1965, a groups of adults and students in Des Moines, Iowa, decided to publicize their opposition to the Vietnam War by wearing black armbands during the winter holiday season • The school administrators said that students wearing black armbands would be asked to remove them or face suspension • Students were suspended and the parents took the school to court, believing their rights had been violated
Tinker vs. Des Moines (1965) • In the decision of Tinker v. Des Moines the courts sided with the students stating that the students' rights are not banned "at the schoolhouse gate"
What do you think about First Amendment rights in religious rallies Pros • Citizens can speak their mind without persecution • Everyone is free to his/her own religious views • Tolerance and understanding can be shown
What do you think about First Amendment rights in religious rallies Cons • Religious groups can protest funerals of soldiers • Religious groups can preach hatred towards certain groups of people • Religious groups can offend many people
Get out a piece of paper… What does the freedom of religion mean to you? Should groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood or the KKK be able to operate in the United States? Why or why not?