Changingdiscourse A shiftinggenre
Changingdiscourse • Stylisticsub-genericnorms • Broadcast news and pressuresforchange • Changes in presentational style • Discursivechange and normative tension • The limitsofconversationalism • The limitsofneutralism • The limitsofinformality • Discursivechange and validityclaims
Genrechanges • Fromrealismto high modernismtopost-modernism • Selfreferentiality • Genre mixing
intertextuality • "Instead of referring to the real world, much media output devotes itself to referring to other images, other narratives; self-referentiality is all-embracing, although it is rarely taken account of. Furthermore, the commentary on the intertextuality and its self referential nature has itself become the subject of self referential and recursive commentary.
consumerism • Many cultural critics have dismissed this as merely a symptom or side-effect of mass consumerism; however, alternate explanations and critique have also been offered. One critic asserts that it reflects a fundamental paradox: the increase in technological and cultural sophistication, combined with an increase in superficiality and dehumanization.”
Examples from G20 • Use of unscripted talk between delegates and other participants in reports • High frequency of ‘meta-moments’ foregrounding organisation and process • visual/verbal synchrony: use of interpersonal/backstage moments for ‘artfulness’ in VO report
Meta-moments: foregrounding of backstage organisation and process These are scenes such as: • cleaning/hoovering the red carpet, • the arrangements of delegates for the photograph and Merkel’s impatience with Canadian pm’s absence, • Gordon Brown ushering people in through the door/tarpaulin, • trouble getting people into the right pose, • Merkel shown getting impatient again.
Some observations In these sequences we see: • presence of ‘small talk’, ‘private’ moments within a very public setting and occasion • relational rather than transactional talk • audience becoming ratified overhearer of unofficial talk rather than direct/indirect addressee • function of visual text in producing evaluative meanings in reports • behind the scenes work revealed for the highly staged performances and appearances (e.g. photos and speeches and handshakes).
Possible reasons • the lack of actual information available to journalists notwithstanding the importance of the event • the probable lack of interest on the part of the public at large in the actual results of the summit (financial regulations, international agreements, etc.). Hence the focus on personalities, constructing and building on stereotypes, tapping shared cultural knowledge, etc
Some possible explanations…. • Authenticity (making it real?) • Shifting news agenda (towards personal, relational rather than ‘hard’ news?) • High news value of Obama at summit (personalisation, celebrity rock-star president; personalising politics?) • Changes in how we encounter news (YouTube agenda, what people watch most?)