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Are your students developing 21 st century skills?. Assessments You Can Implement Now to Find Out. Patte Barth ♦ Director ♦ Center for Public Education NSBA Annual Conference ♦ San Francisco ♦ April 9, 2011. Agenda. what’s different? a 5-minute primer on testing

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Are your students developing 21 st century skills

Are your students developing 21st century skills?

Assessments You Can Implement Now to Find Out

Patte Barth ♦ Director ♦ Center for Public Education

NSBA Annual Conference ♦ San Francisco ♦ April 9, 2011


Agenda
Agenda

  • what’s different?

  • a 5-minute primer on testing

  • don’t wait for the state – tests worth teaching to

  • common core state standards & assessments

  • q & a


What still works in the 21 st century
What still works in the 21st century

  • Post secondary education and training is more important than ever

  • The traditional college prep curriculum has benefits for work as well as for college

  • The traditional curriculum is not enough


Core curriculum version 2 0
Core curriculum, version 2.0

  • Prepares all students for postsecondary education and/or advanced training.

  • Attends to the application of knowledge and skills

  • Develops students’ broader competencies related to critical thinking, collaboration, and creativity.  


Core curriculum 2 0 knowledge skills work together
Core curriculum, 2.0:Knowledge & skills work together

SOURCE: Jerald, Defining a 21 st Century Education, Center for Public Education, 2009


Which are most critical skills the 3 c s
Which are most critical skills? The 3 C’s!

  • Critical thinking and problem solving

    • Labor economists Levy & Murnane call it “expert thinking”

  • Communication/Collaboration

    • Levy and Murnane call it “complex communications”

  • Creativity

    -- Knowledge, ability to make connections & creative skills

SOURCE: Jerald, Defining a 21 st Century Education, Center for Public Education, 2009




High school biology exam
High School Biology Exam

When scientists design drugs against infectious agents, the term “designed drug” is often used.

A. Explain what is meant by this term. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SOURCE: Darling-Hammond, Lessons from Abroad, Edutopia, 2009, exam from Victoria, Australia


Biology exam parts b c
Biology exam, Parts B & C

Scientists aim to develop a drug against a particular virus that infects humans. The virus has a protein coat, and different parts of the coat play different roles in the infective cycle. Some sites assist in the attachment of the virus to a host cell; others are important in the release from a host cell. The structure is represented in the following diagram:

The virus reproduces by attaching itself to the

surface of a host cell and injecting its DNA into the host cell. The viral DNA then uses the components of host cell to reproduce its parts, and hundreds of new viruses bud off from the host cell. Ultimately, the host cell dies.

SOURCE: Darling-Hammond, Lessons from Abroad, Edutopia, 2009, exam from Victoria, Australia


B. Design a drug that will be effective against this virus. In your answer, outline the important aspects you would need to consider. Outline how your drug would prevent continuation of the cycle of reproduction of the virus particle. Use diagrams in your answer.

SOURCE: Darling-Hammond, Lessons from Abroad, Edutopia, 2009


Before a drug is used on humans, it is usually tested on animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.

C. Design an experiment, using mice, to test the effectiveness of the drug you have designed.

SOURCE: Darling-Hammond, Lessons from Abroad, Edutopia, 2009


Think about
Think about … animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.

Which test gets at the 3C’s?

How do we know if our students are developing the 3C’s?


A 5 minute primer on testing
A 5-minute primer on testing animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.


A testing glossary
A testing glossary animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.

  • Standardized test: taken under the same conditions; sometimes at the same time

    • can be multiple-choice or open-ended (constructed response)

  • High-stakes tests: consequences attached to the results

    • eg., state tests for ESEA, student advancement, teacher evaluation

  • Low-stakes tests: no consequences outside the classroom

    • eg., interim assessments, teacher tests, course finals

SOURCE: A guide to standardized testing, Center for Public Education, 2006


A testing glossary1
A testing glossary animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.

  • Norm-referenced tests: compare individual students’ achievement to a representative “norm group”

    • someone will always be above average, and someone will be below average

  • Criterion-referenced tests: compare individual students’ achievement to an agreed upon criterion, or standard

    • it’s possible for every student to meet standards, or be “proficient”

SOURCE: A guide to standardized testing, Center for Public Education, 2006


A testing glossary2
A testing glossary animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.

  • Formative assessment: diagnostic, gauges where students are so corrections or interventions can be made

    • eg., benchmark assessments, classroom quizzes or tests

    • low stakes attached to performance

  • Summative assessment: summarizes learning at a point in time

    • eg., end of course, graduation, state tests

    • typically higher stakes attached

SOURCE: A guide to standardized testing, Center for Public Education, 2006


A testing glossary3
A testing glossary animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.

  • Validity: the test accurately measures what it intends to measure

  • Reliability: students taking the test multiple times will receive approximately the same score each time

  • High stakes tests must meet high psychometric standards for both validity and reliability

SOURCE: A guide to standardized testing, Center for Public Education, 2006


Test format
Test format animals. In this case, the virus under investigation also infects mice.


The fact that assessments are lower stakes allows them to be of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set. -- Darling-Hammond & Pecheone

SOURCE: Developing an Internally Comparable Balanced Assessment System

That Supports High-Quality Learning, Stanford University, 2010


How good does your data need to be? Data alert of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.meter

Continuous improvement

Accountability

LOW

GUARDED

ELEVATED

HIGH

SEVERE

summative:

state tests

graduation tests

middlin’ stakes:

district performance assessments & projects

formative:

teacher quizzes & tests

benchmark assessments


Don t wait for the state tests worth teaching to
Don’t wait for the state -Tests worth teaching to of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.


Good assessment should be indistinguishable from learning
Good assessment should be indistinguishable from learning. of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.


Pisa problem solving in math
PISA - problem solving in math of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

SOURCE: PISA Released Items – Mathematics, OECD, 2006


Question
question of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

Looking at the diagram, the teacher claims that Group B did better than Group A in this test.

The students in Group A don’t agree with their teacher. They try to convince the teacher that Group B may not necessarily have done better.

Give one mathematical argument, using the graph, that the students in Group A could use.

SOURCE: PISA Released Items – Mathematics, OECD, 2006


Ohio performance assessment project
Ohio performance assessment project of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • pilot project with 15 participating districts

  • tasks will require students to demonstrate mastery of 21st century skills

  • assessment will be curriculum-embedded, teacher-managed, rich performance tasks that are both content-focused and skills-driven

SOURCE: Beyond Basic Skills, Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education, 2010


Think about1
Think about … of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

Look at the “Heating Degrees” task

What content knowledge is required to perform this task?

Are 21st c. skills called for (the 3Cs)? How?


Project based assessment
Project-based assessment of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • Project-based learning (PBL) is learning through exploration of real-world problems

    • Typically cross-curricular & collaborative; ends with a culminating project

  • Culminating projects are sometimes used as end of course assessment or required for graduation

    • Requires some standardization to assure that common expectations for all students


Guiding elements of a culminating project
Guiding elements of a culminating project of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • clear & aligned purpose

  • explicit, rigorous standards

  • student-directed learning & youth engagement

  • clear scaffolding & support of skills

  • authentic project

  • community & parent involvement

  • coordination & comprehensive communication

  • ongoing professional development & program improvement

  • celebration & recognition

  • risk management & liability

SOURCE: Project Service Leadership, Developing Civically Rich Culminating Projects, WA, 2005


Examples
Examples of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • A senior seminar course culminating in a small group project. Groups design organize, implement, and evaluate a sustainable service project to address a problem or issue.

  • Practicum in Community Involvement. Students intern with a local nonprofit and produce a project that meets a need with the organization/agency.

  • Youth Service Center. Students staff a service project resource center that features past projects and helps students design new projects.

SOURCE: Project Service Leadership, Developing Civically Rich Culminating Projects, WA, 2005


Graduation project charlotte mecklenburg
Graduation project – of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.Charlotte-Mecklenburg

  • 3Ps:Product, portfolio, presentation

  • Counts as part of the English IV grade at 40% of 4th quarter grade

  • Intended to reflect work through grades 9 – 12

  • Evaluated according to detailed, common scoring guides, or rubrics

SOURCE: CMS Graduation Project, www,cms.k12.nc.us retrieved April 4, 2011


Project based assessment pros and cons
Project-based assessment pros and cons of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.


Coming soon the common core state standards
Coming soon – of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.The common core state standards


The common core standards are intended to be
The Common Core Standards are intended to be: of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • Aligned with college and work expectations

  • Focused and coherent

  • Include rigorous content and application of knowledge through high-order skills

  • Build upon strengths and lessons of current state standards

  • Internationally benchmarked so that all students are prepared to succeed in our global economy and society

  • Based on evidence and research

  • State led – coordinated by NGA Center and CCSSO

SOURCE: Common Core State Standards, www.corestandards.org


40 states & DC have adopted the CCSS of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

adopted

not adopted


Parcc
PARCC of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College & Careers

  • 26-state coalition to develop 21st century assessments aligned to common core standards

  • headed by Achieve, Inc.

  • supported with $170 million federal grant

  • tests will be ready 2014-15

  • emphasis on formative, or benchmark assessments to monitor students’ progress toward college/career readiness

  • assessments will be computer-based


26 states & DC are in the PARCC consortium of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

participant

non participant


Smarter
SMARTER of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

SMARTER Balanced Assessment Consortium

  • 30-state coalition to develop computer adaptive tests aligned to common core standards

  • centered at University of Washington

  • supported with $176 million federal grant

  • tests will be ready 2014-15

  • emphasis on twice-yearly summative exams

  • optional formative, or benchmark exams, tools for teachers’ ongoing classroom assessment


30 states are in the SMARTER consortium of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

participant

non participant


45 states & DC are involved of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

involved

not involved


Points of collaboration smarter parcc
Points of collaboration of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.SMARTER & PARCC

  • working to ensure comparability of scores

  • developing protocols for Artificial Intelligent scoring

  • working toward same deadlines

SOURCE: Center for K-12 Assessment & Performance Management at ETS, webinar April 4, 2011


What local districts can do
What local districts can do of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • ask – what do we know about our students’ readiness for 21st century life and work? how do we know it?

  • engage teachers and your communities in developing 21st century assessment strategies and policies, including what stakes should be attached to results

  • districts in CCSS states … form study groups to examine the common core standards against current practices


What local districts can do1
What local districts can do of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

  • form partnerships with local colleges to develop better assessments, provide professional development and align expectations

  • start small with project-based assessments; evaluate closely

  • engage your stakeholders!

  • get involved with state efforts!


Questions
Questions? of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.


Resources tools
Resources & tools of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

Center for Public Education

  • Objective, easy to understand research

  • Up to date analysis

  • School success stories

    Data First

  • Data Center with national & state data

  • Learning Center with downloadable videos

  • Ask the expert


learn more of higher quality, both in terms of the range of ways in which learning is to be measured and the performance standards that are set.

check out our websites at

www.centerforpubliceducation.org and

www.data-first.org

contact me

[email protected]


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