reproduction n.
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Reproduction. Of the plant variety. Reproduction. Has made the continuation of life possible Ensures the survival of the species 2 Types of reproduction: - Asexual : only need one living organism - Sexual: need a male and a female parent. Plants.

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Of the plant variety


Has made the continuation of life possible

Ensures the survival of the species

2 Types of reproduction:

- Asexual : only need one living organism

- Sexual: need a male and a female parent


Plants can reproduce both sexually and asexually

asexual reproduction in plants
Asexual reproduction in plants

Can reproduce from a part of their own organism (root, stem, or leaf)

Example: Strawberry plants, the trembling aspen forest

sexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction

3 forms of sexual reproduction in plant kingdom

- flowers (flowering plants)/angiosperms (enclosed seed)

- cones (conifers)/gymnosperms (naked seed)

- spores (algae, mosses, ferns)

Seeds contain everything needed to create a new plant.

-Embryo (small immature plant)

- cotyledon (food reserves)

- seed coat (protective covering)


Stamen : Male parts

- anther: where pollen is produced and stored

-Pollen grains contain male gametes (spermatozoa)

Pistil : Female parts

- stigma: sticky surface which captures pollen grains

- ovary: swollen base that contains female gametes (ovules)

- ovules: female gametes


Two types:

- Self-pollination : pollen is transferred to the pistil of the same flower

-Cross-pollination : the wind and/or insects carry pollen to the pistil of a different flower


During fertilization the male and female gametes combine to form a zygote

A zygote is the cell containing complete genetic material

animal reproduction
Animal Reproduction
  • Invertebrates = about 97% of all animal species
  • They reproduce either asexually or sexually
  • Vertebrates
  • - Most reproduce sexually
sexual reproduction1
Sexual Reproduction

Male animals  produce male gametes (spermatozoa)

Female animals produce female gametes (ova)

Both the male/female gametes contain half of the genetic material of the future offspring.

steps of vertebrate reproduction
Steps of vertebrate reproduction

1) male gamete fuses with female gamete

2) zygote is formed

3)zygote divides and transforms into embryo

4)embryo develops into small animal (baby)

5) baby animal becomes adult and produces their own gametes


During mating, two individuals of an animal speciesunite to combine their gametes to achieve fertilization


Fertilization occurs when a spermatozoa and ovum combine

types of fertilization
Types of fertilization

1) external : the gametes combine outside the bodies of both parents (fish)

2) internal : the gametes combine inside the female’s body


Equipped with both male and female reproductive parts.

(example : worms)


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