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Revolutions in Latin America. How were Indians & creoles oppressed under Spanish rule in Latin America? What ideas influenced Simon Bolivar in his struggle to liberate Latin America? How did Bolivar & his followers free Latin America from Spanish rule?.

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revolutions in latin america
Revolutions in Latin America
  • How were Indians & creoles oppressed under Spanish rule in Latin America?
  • What ideas influenced Simon Bolivar in his struggle to liberate Latin America?
  • How did Bolivar & his followers free Latin America from Spanish rule?
slide2
How were Indians & creoles oppressed under Spanish rule in Latin America?
    • Indians suffered from overwork, malnutrition & disease
    • Creoles were not allowed to own certain businesses & were excluded from the highest positions in the church & government
    • It was dangerous for members of either group to speak out against the government
slide3
What ideas influenced Simon Bolivar in his struggle to liberate Latin America?
    • Bolivar was inspired by Enlightenment ideas focusing on people’s right to freedom & equality
    • He was also inspired by the American Revolution & French Revolution
slide4
How did Bolivar & his followers free Latin America from Spanish rule?
    • Bolivar first spread his ideas by holding secret meetings
    • Then he recruited soldiers & fought a series of battles against the Spanish
spanish south america
Spanish South America
  • Simon Bolivar wins independence for Venezuela
  • Jose de San Martin defeats Spanish forces in Chile
  • Martin turns army over to Bolivar
  • Bolivar defeats Spanish in Peru
  • Colonies win complete freedom from Spain
slide9

Brazil

·  Napoleon invades Portugal > the royal family flees to Brazil

·  After Napoleon’s defeat, the king of Portugal’s son (Dom Pedro) stays in Brazil

· Dom Pedro sides with Creoles & declares independence from Portugal (1822)

· Unique revolution in Latin America > bloodless