Facility Design-Week 1 Introduction to Facility Planning. Anastasia L. Maukar. Definition of Factory. Factory/Plant:. MACHINES/ EQUIPMENTS. RESOURCES. MAN. PRODUCTION SYSTEM. MATERIAL. ENERGY. INFORMATION. MONEY. FINISHED GOODS. Factory/plant. Facilities Planning.
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Anastasia L. Maukar
a. In manufacturing, the objective is to support production.
b. In an airport, the objective is to support the passenger airplane interface.
c. In a hospital, the objective is to provide medical care to patients.
Handling System DesignFacility Planning-Hierarchy
Location : is the placement of a facility with respect to customers, suppliers, and other facilities with which it interfaces.
Structure : consists of the building and services (e.g., gas, water, power, heat, light, air, sewage).
Layout :consists of all equipment, machinery, and furnishings within the structure.
Handling System :consists of the mechanism by which all interactions required by the layout are satisfied (e.g., materials, personnel, information, and equipment handling systems).
1. Support the organization's mission through improved material handling, materials control, and good housekeeping.
2. Effectively utilize people, equipment, space, and energy.
3. Minimize capital investment.
4. Be flexible and promote ease of maintenance.
5. Provide for employee safety and job satisfaction.
20-75% of product cost attributed to materials handling (Sule, 1991 and Tompkins et al. 2003)
Layout of facilities affects materials handling costs
Facilities includes machines, departments, workstations, locker rooms, service areas, etc.
“You can make as many mistakes as you want in layout planning, and they’ll all any for themselves if they avoid mistakes in the physical installation”
Layout of a service system
Layout of a manufacturing facility
Logistics and Distribution
Is the company outgrowing its space?
Is available space too expensive?
Is building in the proper location?
How will a new layout affect the organization and service?
Are office operations too centralized or decentralized?
Does the office structure support the strategic plan?
Is the new layout in tune with the company’s image
Does customer physically participate in service delivery?
Minimize transportation cost of raw materials, sub-assemblies, work-in-process inventory, tools, parts, finished products, etc.
Facilitate traffic flow
Improve employee morale
Minimize or eliminate risk of injury and property damage
Ease of supervision and face-to-face communication
Warehouse isafacility for storing merchandise, commoditiesorotheritems
IC board layout
Computer disk storage layout
Airport gate layout