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Impact Chicago

Impact Chicago

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Impact Chicago

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Impact Chicago Terry Mazany President & CEO

  2. Impact Chicago Jim Lewis, Ph.D. Senior Program Officer

  3. Impact Chicago Prof. Robert Sampson Harvard University Prof. Wesley Skogan Northwestern University

  4. Historic homicide rate in Chicago

  5. Declining crime rates Violent Crime - per 100,000 residents

  6. Declining violence rates source: City and Suburban Crime Trends in Metropolitan America, The Brookings Institution

  7. Homicide totals source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  8. Homicide motives Murder Clearances Indoor & Outdoor Murders Shootings & Stabbings source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  9. Shootings & homicides in Chicago

  10. Homicides – Race/ethnicity of victims Murder Clearances Indoor & Outdoor Murders Shootings & Stabbings Murder Victims by Race/Ethnicity source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  11. Homicide – Indoor or outdoor Indoor v. Outdoor Murders source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  12. Homicides – Shootings, stabbings Murder Clearances Indoor & Outdoor Murders Shootings & Stabbings source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  13. Homicide prior arrest - offender Indoor & Outdoor Murders Murder Victims with Prior Arrest History source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  14. Homicides cleared Murder Clearances Indoor & Outdoor Murders source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  15. Criminal justice system in Illinois In 2009, more than 125,000 adults were under a form of correctional supervision —including probation, prison or mandatory supervised release—for a felony conviction in Illinois: almost double the number in 1989. Source: Illinois Sentencing Police Advisory Council

  16. Prison system overcrowding Sources: Illinois Dept. of Corrections, John Howard Association

  17. Impact Chicago Prof. Robert Sampson Harvard University Prof. Wesley Skogan Northwestern University

  18. Policing & public safety

  19. Concentration of Violence and Child Well-Being = Murder Rate Source: Sampson, 2012

  20. The Enduring Grip of Disadvantage: Durability of Concentrated Poverty During an Era of Social Transformation, Chicago Community Areas, 1960-2000 Source: Sampson 2012

  21. Inequality’s Durable Imprint: Before and after the 2008 Economic Crisis Source: Sampson, 2012 Source: Sampson, 2012

  22. Not Just About Poverty: Remarkably Persistent Violence Profiles During a Sharp Secular Decline in Violence Source: Sampson, 2012

  23. Collective Efficacy Theory Community Mediating Rates of structure mechanism well-being Spatial and macro level processes Individual characteristics and selection processes Source: Sampson, 2012

  24. Collective Efficacy Predicts Later Homicide Rates (Controlling for time period, concentrated disadvantage, residential stability, population density, friend/kinship ties, legal/moral cynicism, and prior homicide) Source: Sampson, 2012

  25. What is the effect of police strategies?

  26. Cure violence (CeaseFire-Chicago) model • If you are listening through your computer • Type your question into the Q&A pane • The moderator will read all questions and pose them to our panelists • If you are listening by phone & wish to ask live • Use the “Raise Your Hand” feature on your computer • The moderator will unmute your phone, enabling you to ask in person Prof. Wesley Skogan, Northwestern University

  27. Policing strategies • Smart Gun Policing • interrupt supply • deter possession • reduce public gun carrying • tough responses to gun use • reduce demand for guns • address conditions that foster gun carrying and use • Smart Gang Policing • targeting violent groups and high-risk individuals • Smart Community Oriented Policing • responsive to community concerns and priorities • assist in norm building by gaining respect and confidence • assist in community mobilization Prof. Wesley Skogan, Northwestern University

  28. Building public confidence & respect Quality of Service Prof. Wesley Skogan, Northwestern University

  29. Assist in community mobilization Prof. Wesley Skogan, Northwestern University

  30. Declining crime rates Violent Crime - per 100,000 residents

  31. How important is trust of the police for reducing crime? photo credit: right, John J. Kim / AP

  32. How do gangs affect the homicide and crime rates?

  33. Would stronger gun control reduce homicides? Murder Clearances Indoor & Outdoor Murders Shootings & Stabbings source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  34. Most shootings happen in low-income neighborhoods

  35. How does poverty contribute to crime rates? photo credit: Flickr member Zol87

  36. Have the changing demographics of Chicago changed crime?

  37. Why did the murder rate rise in 2012? source: 2011 Murder Analysis Report, Chicago Police Department

  38. What works? • Patrol strategies • Hardened targets - security • Hot spot arrests • Broken windows • Gang interventions • Gun control • Social/Emotional training photo credit: top, Chronicle/Lance Iversen

  39. Has policing affected homicide levels? source: Chicago Justice Project

  40. Does incarceration reduce crime? Sources: Illinois Dept. of Corrections, John Howard Association

  41. In conversation Moderator: Jim Lewis, Ph.D. Senior Program Officer Prof. Wesley Skogan Northwestern University Prof. Robert Sampson Harvard University

  42. Go deeper Today’s presentation can be viewed online:www.cct.org/impactchicago For more information about today’s topic: contact Jim Lewis at 312.616.8000 ext. 158 To make a difference through your philanthropy: please contact your relationship manager

  43. Impact Chicago Thank you for participating