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Take out your notebook, pen and highlighter PowerPoint Presentation
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Take out your notebook, pen and highlighter

Take out your notebook, pen and highlighter

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Take out your notebook, pen and highlighter

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  1. Take out your notebook, pen and highlighter

  2. WWI: A New Kind of War • CA Standard: 10.5.4 • Understand the nature of war and its human cost on all sides • Learning Objective: • I will be able to describe what made WWI a different kind of war.

  3. Ch 11-2A New Kind of War Vocabulary • Stalemate • Deadlock, where neither side is able to defeat the other • Tie, Draw, no one is winning

  4. Zeppelin • Large gas filled balloon • Blimp • Used to bomb the English coast and Surveillance

  5. U-boat (Known as an atrocity to war) • German Unterseeboot • Under sea boat • German Submarine: did tremendous damage to allied ships • Sunk merchant ships carrying goods to Britain.

  6. Convoy • Group of vehicles (ships) • allies used the convoys as a defense against u-boats • Front • Battlefront: the line along which opposing armies face each other • Western Front: Between France, Belgium, and Germany • Eastern Front: Between Germany and Russia • Shrapnel • Flying debris from artillery shells.- b) Cause major injuries or death

  7. 1 Standing Armies in Europe, 1914 11 million 7 Million

  8. Millions

  9. How has WWI been a different war? - New Technology ( Be specific)

  10. Stalemate on the Western Front • The German Schlieffen Plan • Germany’s plan to quickly defeat France and then turn and to fight the Russians on the Eastern Front. • Main reason • To fight the war on one front, instead of two.

  11. Schlieffen Plan • Berlin Belgium Russia • Paris Germany France

  12. Problems with Schlieffen Plan • Problems • Great Britain declared war on Germany. • Germany invaded Belgium to get to Germany • Russians moved in too quickly on the Eastern Front • Germans had to move troops from fighting the French to fighting the Russians • First Battle of the Marne • France and Britain vs Germans • Germans lost • Ended Germany’s hopes for a quick victory on Western Front.

  13. Schlieffen Plan Fails Britain • Berlin Belgium Russia • Paris Germany Eastern Front Western Front France

  14. Trench Warfare • Trench warfare • Both sides dug ditches at least 6 ft deep for protection and to hold position • Caused a long deadly stalemate. (deadlock, where no one is winning) • The Western Front • Battles lines remained almost unchanged for 4 years. • Caused by new technology • Problems with Trench Warfare • Soldiers stuck in trenches for long periods of time • They had to do everything in trench. • The stench of death all around • Loud, dirty, lonely • Rats, disease, lice, fleas, etc. • When it rained trenches filled with water. • Cold temp and water caused Trench Foot

  15. Trench Foot

  16. Trench

  17. Describe the Schlieffen Plan and the main reason for the plan.

  18. Trench Warfare Video • Video

  19. Machine Guns and Artillery • Two of the newest and most devastating weapons • Machine Gun • 500-600 bullets per minute • Long Range Artillery Gun • attacked enemy from more than 10 miles away • Shrapnel killed or wounded enemy

  20. World War I Machine Gun

  21. Artillery Gun

  22. Technology and Modern Warfare • Poison Gas • Chlorine Gas • Suffocated enemy • Mustard Gas • Burned skin and blinded • Major Problem • Wind direction • Protection against Poison Gas • Gas Mask • Cover-all Uniforms

  23. Early Gas Mask

  24. Tanks • Britain introduced the 1st Tank • Designed to move across “No Man’s Land” • Major Problem • Tanks often broke down • Germans destroyed tanks with flame throwers.

  25. British mark V tank

  26. US tank French tank

  27. WWII Flame Thrower Problem with Flame Thrower. B. Gas tanks are easy targets.

  28. Grenades Grenade Launcher

  29. Mortars Launch bombs at a high angle

  30. French Russian Pistols US German

  31. On the same piece of paper answer the question below • Explain Trench Warfare and what it caused? • You have Five Minutes to Complete the assignment quietly.

  32. Airplanes • Airplanes • Designed to simply observe enemy troop movement • Attached Machine guns to planes • Pilots became known as Flying Aces • Airplane fights became known as • Dog fights • Problem • Planes had little effect on ground war