WWI: A New Kind of War • CA Standard: 10.5.4 • Understand the nature of war and its human cost on all sides • Learning Objective: • I will be able to describe what made WWI a different kind of war.
Ch 11-2A New Kind of War Vocabulary • Stalemate • Deadlock, where neither side is able to defeat the other • Tie, Draw, no one is winning
Zeppelin • Large gas filled balloon • Blimp • Used to bomb the English coast and Surveillance
U-boat (Known as an atrocity to war) • German Unterseeboot • Under sea boat • German Submarine: did tremendous damage to allied ships • Sunk merchant ships carrying goods to Britain.
Convoy • Group of vehicles (ships) • allies used the convoys as a defense against u-boats • Front • Battlefront: the line along which opposing armies face each other • Western Front: Between France, Belgium, and Germany • Eastern Front: Between Germany and Russia • Shrapnel • Flying debris from artillery shells.- b) Cause major injuries or death
1 Standing Armies in Europe, 1914 11 million 7 Million
How has WWI been a different war? - New Technology ( Be specific)
Stalemate on the Western Front • The German Schlieffen Plan • Germany’s plan to quickly defeat France and then turn and to fight the Russians on the Eastern Front. • Main reason • To fight the war on one front, instead of two.
Schlieffen Plan • Berlin Belgium Russia • Paris Germany France
Problems with Schlieffen Plan • Problems • Great Britain declared war on Germany. • Germany invaded Belgium to get to Germany • Russians moved in too quickly on the Eastern Front • Germans had to move troops from fighting the French to fighting the Russians • First Battle of the Marne • France and Britain vs Germans • Germans lost • Ended Germany’s hopes for a quick victory on Western Front.
Schlieffen Plan Fails Britain • Berlin Belgium Russia • Paris Germany Eastern Front Western Front France
Trench Warfare • Trench warfare • Both sides dug ditches at least 6 ft deep for protection and to hold position • Caused a long deadly stalemate. (deadlock, where no one is winning) • The Western Front • Battles lines remained almost unchanged for 4 years. • Caused by new technology • Problems with Trench Warfare • Soldiers stuck in trenches for long periods of time • They had to do everything in trench. • The stench of death all around • Loud, dirty, lonely • Rats, disease, lice, fleas, etc. • When it rained trenches filled with water. • Cold temp and water caused Trench Foot
Trench Warfare Video • Video
Machine Guns and Artillery • Two of the newest and most devastating weapons • Machine Gun • 500-600 bullets per minute • Long Range Artillery Gun • attacked enemy from more than 10 miles away • Shrapnel killed or wounded enemy
Technology and Modern Warfare • Poison Gas • Chlorine Gas • Suffocated enemy • Mustard Gas • Burned skin and blinded • Major Problem • Wind direction • Protection against Poison Gas • Gas Mask • Cover-all Uniforms
Tanks • Britain introduced the 1st Tank • Designed to move across “No Man’s Land” • Major Problem • Tanks often broke down • Germans destroyed tanks with flame throwers.
US tank French tank
WWII Flame Thrower Problem with Flame Thrower. B. Gas tanks are easy targets.
Grenades Grenade Launcher
Mortars Launch bombs at a high angle
French Russian Pistols US German
On the same piece of paper answer the question below • Explain Trench Warfare and what it caused? • You have Five Minutes to Complete the assignment quietly.
Airplanes • Airplanes • Designed to simply observe enemy troop movement • Attached Machine guns to planes • Pilots became known as Flying Aces • Airplane fights became known as • Dog fights • Problem • Planes had little effect on ground war