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European Learner Mobility Standardization. Cleo Sgouropoulou email: csgouro @ cs.ntua . gr. European Requirements.

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european learner mobility standardization
European Learner MobilityStandardization

Cleo Sgouropoulou


european requirements
European Requirements
  • The EU should become “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion”.
  • The achievement of this ambitious goal involves “not only a radical transformation of the European economy, but also a challenging programme for the modernization of social welfare and education systems”.

European Council, Lisbon (Mar. 2000)

european requirements1
European Requirements
  • Education and Training at European level involve
    • the development of the European Higher Education Area (the “Bologna process”),
    • the enhanced European co-operation in Vocational Education and Training (the “Copenhagen process”).
  • The Commission has taken initiatives to establish synergies between both processes for the design of national frameworks of qualifications and an overarching European Qualifications Framework (EQF) for Lifelong Learning, taking into account the work done in the Bologna and Copenhagen context.
eqf aims
EQF aims
  • EQF intend to:
    • Facilitate the comparability and compatibility of degrees and qualifications
    • Facilitate the recognition of degree, experimental, informal and non-formal learning
    • Ease mobility
    • Build the link between higher education and lifelong learning
    • Contribute in the improvement of the European cooperation with regards to quality assurance
    • Foster the social dimension
    • Provide more transparency for the labour market and for learners
eqf tools
EQF Tools
  • Tools for accomplishing EQF aims:
    • European Credit Transfer System
    • Europass: Single Framework for the transparency of qualifications and competences
      • Europass-CV, a curriculum vitae structure for the presentation of an individual’s qualifications and competences
      • Europass-Mobility, which records periods of learning attended by its holders in countries other than their own
      • Europass-Diploma Supplement, providing information on its holder’s educational achievements at higher education level
      • Europass-Language Portfolio, providing individuals with the opportunity to present their language skills.
      • Europass-Certificate Supplement, describing the competences and qualifications corresponding to a vocational training certificate
supporting is
Supporting IS
  • The Europass framework and the related support services should rely upon a suitable information system, allowing to link in a coordinated way the completed documents and to make them available to their holders through the Internet
  • The Europass information system is expected to facilitate submission and exchange of information among the interoperating parts, and shall be developed taking into account the opportunity of future developments, with particular reference to the integration of information services on job and learning opportunities

Decision on Europass (Dec.2004)

european reqs revisited
European Reqs revisited…
  • Implementation of the 2006 Recommendation on Further European Cooperation in QualityAssurancewill continue to be a major emphasis, as will the implementation of the EuropeanQualifications Framework and strengthening its link to the Framework of Qualifications forthe European Higher Education Area… The Lisbon Strategy and the Bologna process willcontinue to be the framework for the policy agenda for higher education…
  • Student and teaching staff mobility play a key role in establishing the European Higher Education Area.
european reqs revisited1
European Reqs revisited…
  • Institutions participating in Erasmus are called upon to increase both student mobility for study and placement in order to achieve the target of 3 million Erasmus students by 2012, and increase teaching and other staff mobility.
  • Higher-education organisations are requested to ensure high quality in organising student and staff mobility.
  • Europass is a particularly useful instrument for developing transparency and recognition in order to aid mobility.

EC DG Education and Culture – LLP Strategic Priorities (Dec.2008)

European Quality Charter for Mobility (Dec.2006)

the way ahead
The way ahead…
  • Lack of interoperable tools, impeding the recording and/or reuse of data in existing learning management systems for the production of electronic transparency documents and the exchange of information among interested parties
  • Need for development and consolidation of technical interoperability standards as the basis of supporting IS
  • Harmonization is deemed necessary towards a European solution, in order to provide viable support for emerging European learner information systems and dissuade service providers from developing proprietary services and platforms.
towards implementation
Towards Implementation
  • Use of Learning Technology Standards and Specifications for the creation of interoperability models of the transparency information schemata defined by the EU
  • Existing standardization efforts mostly based on Learner Information and Learning Opportunities fields, oriented to
    • the production of information models capable of adequately describing learner characteristics and learning opportunities
    • the provision of mechanisms for the exchange of information among diverse learning systems.
implementation efforts
Implementation efforts
  • Europass-related initiatives based on IMS LIP
    • JISC & CETISUK(2003-2004) have created UK Learner Profile including
      • UK higher education transcript to IMS LIP
      • UK Diploma Supplement LIP application profile
      • PDP structures (later moved to IMS ePortfoliio)
      • CWA 14926(2004) - Guidelines for the production of learner information standards and specifications
      • CWA 15455(2005) - A European Model for Learner Competencies (also based on IEEE RDCEO)
implementation efforts1
Implementation efforts
  • Europass-related initiatives based on IMS LIP
    • European Institute for E-Learning (EIfEL) has produced French DS LIP application profile
    • TELCERT Technology Enhanced Learning: Conformance – European Requirements & Testing
    • European Diploma Supplement Network
implementation efforts2
Implementation efforts
  • Europass-related initiatives based on Learning Opportunities specs
    • Course Description Metadata (CDM) Norwegian spec (2004)
      • CDM-U (Norway)
      • CDM-ECTS
      • CDM-FR (France)
    • CETIS eXchanging Course Related Information (XCRI) UK spec (2007-2008)
implementation efforts3
Implementation efforts
  • Europass-related emerging specifications
    • CEN/ISSS WSLT Metadata for Learning Opportunities (MLO) – Advertising (AD) (2008)
    • CEDEFOP Europass (2008)
      • EuropassCVLP
      • Europass Mobility (draft)
      • EuropassCV  HR-XML
    • Digitary EDS Ireland (2008)
    • CETIS HEAR UK DS (2008)
cedefop s europass is
CEDEFOP’s Europass IS

CEDEFOP: Online creation of European CV and Language Portfolio






<comment>Automatically generated Europass CV </comment>




cen elm standardization activities
CEN ELM standardization activities
  • CEN TC353 NWI on a European Learner Mobility Model and CEN WSLT project on Guidelines for a European Learner Mobility Model
    • Harmonization of approaches towards a European Europass model
    • Contribution to the consolidation and European-wide adoption of electronic transparency documents.
    • Support of the development of information systems for the implementation of the Bologna process, at institutional, national and European levels.
    • Support of learner mobility and quality assurance in the European educational setting.
    • Support of the wider availability of brokerage services across the EU.
    • Enabling of data consistency and facilitate data quality management.
cen elm standardization activities1
CEN ELM standardization activities
  • Working plan and contribution
    • Bring together individual experts, standardization bodies, Europass entities and implementers
    • First focusing on DS and ECTS and processing CEDEFOP’s specs
    • Examine existing approaches
    • Gather identified needs and requirements
      • e.g. CEDEFOP reqs for DS model
        • The reuse of already specified elements should be promoted (e.g. Holder’s and Institution’s information from the Europass CV/LP and Mobility schemata).
        • The names used as element tags should be semantically rich and easily convey the meaning of the information they include.
cen elm standardization activities2
CEN ELM standardization activities
    • e.g. CEDEFOP reqs for DS model (cntd.)
      • Elements should be structured enough to allow the most and best validation of the content. The use of controlled vocabularies should be promoted where relevant.
      • It is advisable to keep the schema as close as possible to existing commonly used specs in order to allow interoperability
  • Define appropriate modelling strategy
  • Produce European standards and guidelines
cen elm timelines
CEN ELM timelines
  • CEN TC353 NWI on European Learner Mobility Model

Draft for Enquiry to be produced by 21st May 2009

cen elm timelines1
CEN ELM timelines
  • CEN WSLT project on Guidelines for ELM

Signed! To begin early 2009

cen elm collaboration
CEN ELM collaboration
  • European Learner Mobility wiki