slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
RSV PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
RSV

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 10
reece-oneill

RSV - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

133 Views
Download Presentation
RSV
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. RSV RT 265

  2. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Manifests primarily as: • Bronchiolitis • Viral pneumonia Leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants

  3. Syncytium: Multinucleate mass of protoplasm produced by the merging of neighboring cells

  4. Incidence • Peak ages 2-8months • Usually >4years old • Mid-winter and spring months • Virtually all children have been exposed by 3rd birthday • Disease is mild in older children and adults (upper respiratory tract) • WHY THE LITTLE ONES? • Smaller airways • Reduced immune system • High-risk groups for severe RSV infection include the following: • premature infants in their first year of life (the younger the child is [gestational and chronological age] at the start of RSV season, the greater the risk) • Infants with chronic lung disease (eg, bronchopulmonary dysplasia,cystic fibrosis) during their first 2 years of life • Children with hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease, especially with increased pulmonary blood flow • Immunodeficient states • Children with metabolic and neuromuscular disorders • Children of multiple births (triplets or greater)

  5. Diagnosis • Correlate symptoms with the time of year, presence of a regional outbreak, patient age, and history of the illness • Specific diagnostics testing: • Nasal swabs • Nasal lavage • Nasopharyngeal aspiration • CXR hyperinflation diffuse increase in interstitial markings

  6. Presentation • Fever • Cough • Tachypnea • Retractions • Wheezing • Crackles • Sepsis like symptoms • Apneic episodes in the very young • Diffuse small airway disease

  7. Management Supportive care Can be managed at home unless requiring: • Supplemental oxygen • Fluid replacement – normal feeding or IV if unable • Bronchial hygiene - suctioning • Bronchodilators? (alpha and beta agonists) • Ribavirin (Virazole) • Mechanical ventilation/CPAP Prevention • WASH YOUR HANDS • Avoid mucus membrane exposure • Palivizumab (Synagis) antiviral immunoglobulins /motavizumab (investigational – not FDA approved)

  8. The “best” part: No lifelong immunity develops! Reinfection is common 