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Disaster Waste in Emergencies. Session 3 Disaster Waste Case Studies. Case Study: Tsunami, Indonesia. Source: UNEP “Tsunami Waste Management Plan” Workshops 2005. Tsunami Waste Management, Indonesia. Large volumes of tsunami generated wastes

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session 3 disaster waste case studies

Disaster Waste in Emergencies

Session 3

Disaster Waste Case Studies


Case Study:

Tsunami, Indonesia


UNEP “Tsunami Waste Management Plan” Workshops 2005


Tsunami Waste Management, Indonesia

  • Large volumes of tsunami generated wastes
  • Government capacity limited (loss of staff and waste vehicles)
  • All Municipal Solid Waste systems stopped (dumped in street)
  • Gov. contractors undertook initial clearance to recover bodies and improve access to impacted areas
  • Majority of tsunami waste dumped in inappropriate areas – fish ponds, rice paddies, ditches, land close to residential areas

Tsunami Waste Projects

Mass salvaging of scrap commenced immediately following disaster with little or no Personal Protective Equipment or vaccinations


Tsunami Waste Projects

Small-scale NGO/UN sponsored rubble clearing “cash for work” programmes assisted clearance in coastal areas and provided immediate employment


Tsunami Waste Projects

  • Tsunami Waste Recovery Management Programme (TWRMP):
  • aimed to provide means to resume garbage collection & complete tsunami waste clearance

Timber sorted from

the tsunami wastes

Concrete & bricks sorted

from the tsunami wastes


Tsunami Waste Projects

  • Implement 2-3 new sanitary landfills across the province
  • Upgrade existing municipal dumps

Burning wastes at KP. Jawa landfill, Banda Aceh


Tsunami Waste Projects

Banda AcehInformal recovery


Tsunami Waste Projects

Oxfam Re-Use Centre


Tsunami Waste Projects

Banda Aceh,Bricks ready for re-use


Tsunami Waste Projects

Banda AcehNew bins for the streets

Rebuild capacity/ institutional change in government to ensure the programme is sustainable in the long term


Summary of Experiences from Tsunami

  • Waste management is a significant environmental & public health issue.
  • waste management is an important recovery phase issue
  • Lack of baseline waste data indicates little or no waste assessment
  • Emergency phase waste clean-up operations can worsen environmental problems and require remedial action
  • Uncontrolled scavenging and inappropriate clean-up exposes workers to health and safety risks
  • Waste management advice and projects are not coordinated and often sector specific
  • The potential value of waste was not realised
  • Lack of Waste Management skills at national and international level
  • Global environmental impacts have been ignored

Case Study:

Post Conflict Debris Re-Cycling,



Post-Conflict Debris Re-Cycling, Kosovo

  • Following the hostilities:
  • > 10 million tonnes of rubble
  • Damage scattered over whole province
  • Asbestos contamination widespread
  • Limited resources in Kosovo to perform demolition
  • Massive reconstruction plans

Mobility is Key!


Key Lessons

  • Appropriate Technology
  • Mobility is Key
  • Opportunities for revenue generation
  • Servicing and maintenance important
  • Training Training Training
  • Long term viability of systems
  • Access to reconstruction crucial