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The Christian Basilica. Oct. 4, 2011. Introduction . The Christian Basilica : A Building Type. Old St. Peters, Rome, begun c. 320-321. Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846. Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725. Parthenon, Athens Greece, 447-438 B.C.E. Callicrates, Ictinus and Phidias.

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introduction

Introduction

The Christian Basilica : A Building Type

slide4

Trinity Church Wall St. NYC, 1846

Trinity Church, Newport RI, 1725

emperor constantine
Ruled 306-337

Edict of Milan, 313 legalized Christianity

Built churches in Rome, and on sites associated with Christ in Judea

Founded Constantinople, (Byzantium, Istanbul), 330

Emperor Constantine
slide18

Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

slide19

Basilica Ulpia, Forum of Trajan, Rome, 98-117

Plan of Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

slide26

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Old St. Peter’s church, c. 320

slide27

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Santa Sabina, Rome, 423-432

slide29

East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Plan, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

slide30

Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

Saint Foy, reliquary statue, 10th-11th century

slide33

Reconstructed view from the plan of the Monastery of St. Gall, from David Talbot Rice (Ed.), The Dark Ages, The Making of European Civilization, London 1965

slide36

Berzé-la-Ville, wall painting

Saint Peter from Cluny

slide46

East end, St. Eitenne, Beauvais, 1225-1272 and after 1284

East end with radiating chapels, Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, c. 1080-1120

gothic characteristics
Gothic Characteristics
  • Ribbed groin vaulting
  • Flying butttresses
  • Pointed (broken) arches
  • Continuous membering
  • Stained glass, diaphanous wall