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Elements of Literature. Bellwork. Write a sentence for each meaning for the word of the day. . Create a bubble map to identify the prefix in the words below. Write your best inference for the prefix’s definition. Add four more words that use this prefix. Planner Time. Tuesday, November 19 th

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Write a sentence for each meaning for the word of the day.

Create a bubble map to identify the prefix in the words below. Write your best inference for the prefix’s definition. Add four more words that use this prefix.

planner time
Planner Time
  • Tuesday, November 19th
    • Figurative Language Quiz
    • Homework Journals due for Procko’s and Bois’ homerooms
    • Thursday, November 21st
    • Homework Journals due for Condra’s and Lulkin’s homerooms
    • Friday, November 22nd
    • Field trip permission slips due
    • Progress Monitoring (benchmarks) begin next Wednesday.
elements of literature1
Elements of Literature
  • Activate Prior Knowledge
  • Each group creates a circle map with “Elements of literature”. #2 should be the recorder. Put it on the top half of your paper.
  • Each group member should share a word they associate with elements of literature.
  • The recorder records it on the

circle map.


On the bottom half, use the information you recorded & your prior knowledge to label the plot diagram.





  • Fold paper in half horizontally
  • Without unfolding, fold it in half again-same direction
  • Open it all the way back up
  • Fold your paper in half vertically, then fold it in half again.
  • Open all the way back up
  • Put paper horizontally and cut on the each fold to the first fold
  • Draw a line down the middle
elements of literature2
Elements of Literature
  • Author’s Purpose: An author’s reason for creating a work. Sometimes the author will state his or her purpose up front. Other times you’ll need to make inferences (reasonable guesses) about the author’s purpose.
  • There are three basic reasons an author might choose to write:
  • to explain or inform
  • to entertain
  • to persuade
1 exposition
1. Exposition
  • This usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters are introduced. We also learn about the setting of the story. Most importantly, we are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).



Setting: The where and when of a story.

Understanding a story’s setting can give you a context for the events of the plot. It can also give you clues about the mood, or atmosphere, of a story.



A character is a person, an animal, or an imaginary creature that takes part in the action of a story. Sometimes the author will directly describe a character’s appearance, personality, or feelings. Other times the author will leave clues and expect you to draw conclusions about what the person or animal is like.




Protagonist- main character, is the most important character. The action of the plot revolves around him or her.

Antagonist- the person or thing working against the protagonist, can also be a main character.

Minor characters- other characters who the action does not focus on

  • All stories revolve around the characters dealing with a conflict or problem through the story. By the resolution of a story, all conflicts should be solved. The most common conflicts are: Man v. Man, Man v. Self, & Man v. Nature or Supernatural, Man v. Society.
the frog who wanted to be a singer
The Frog Who Wanted to be a Singer

Page 172- Elements of Literature

As we read listen for the elements that should be found in the exposition.









  • Tell the part of speech for each word in the sentence below.
  • The silly girls juggled brightly colored socks at the sleepover.

Write a sentence for each meaning for the word of the day.

2 rising action

Middle flap

2. Rising Action
  • This part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s). A building of interest or suspense occurs.


plot definition
Plot (definition)
  • Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of events that make up a story. Every plot is made up of a series of incidents that are related to one another.
3 climax

Middle flap

3. Climax
  • This is the turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict. The tension & excitement are at their highest.


4 falling action
4. Falling Action
  • All loose ends of the plot are tied up. The conflict(s) and climax are taken care of.


5 resolution
5. Resolution
  • The conflict the character is facing has been resolved.


the frog who wanted to be a singer1
The Frog Who Wanted to be a Singer

Rising Action

As we read listen for the events that occurred in the rising action.


the frog who wanted to be a singer2
The Frog Who Wanted to be a Singer
  • Listen for the climax of the story. Add it to your plot diagram.
the frog who wanted to be a singer3
The Frog Who Wanted to be a singer

Listen for events that begin to wrap up the story.

the frog who wanted to be a singer4
The Frog Who Wanted to be a Singer

Listen for the resolution to the Frog’s conflict



point of view
Point of View
  • First-person Point of View
    • The story is told by one of the characters.
    • The character uses pronouns such as I or we and usually participates in much of the action.
  • Second-person Point of View
    • 2 people are essentially having a conversation. Address the reader directly.
    • The only pronoun used in second-person point of view is you.
  • Third-person Point of View
    • The story is told by a narrator who is not a character in the story.
    • Pronouns such as she, he, and they are used when writing in third-person point of view.
  • A writer’s message, or main point, is the theme of his or her literary work. Looking for a theme helps you look more deeply into the literature and makes for more enjoyable reading.
  • You will need to infer what the theme is from the work’s title, key scenes, characters, symbols, and plot events.
  • Can usually be summedup in a few words
the frog who wanted to be a singer5
The Frog Who Wanted to Be a Singer
  • Identify the Point of View & a theme found in the short story
putting it all together
Putting It All Together

Beginning of Story

1. Exposition

2. Rising Action

3. Climax

4. Falling Action

5. Resolution

Middle of Story

End of Story

plot diagram new and improved
Plot Diagram-New and Improved











  • How would the story “The Frog Who Wanted to Be a singer” be different if the of the characters were changed?
  • What about if the setting was changed?