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Heads and complements. Kuiper and Allan Chapter 8.1.1. What are complements in general?. Complements include: objects direct indirect intensive complements They are required by the head to complete its meaning. Subcategories of heads.

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heads and complements

Heads and complements

Kuiper and Allan Chapter 8.1.1

what are complements in general
What are complements in general?
  • Complements include:
    • objects
      • direct
      • indirect
    • intensive complements
    • They are required by the head to complete its meaning.
subcategories of heads
Subcategories of heads
  • Heads of phrase belong to subcategories on the basis of the kind of complements they take.
  • Transitive verbs take objects.
    • massage
  • Intransitive verbs do not.
    • sleep
  • Some verbs take double objects.
    • buy
verbs subcategorize for complementizers
Verbs subcategorize for complementizers
  • Data
    • Max understood that Joanna had driven his sportscar.
    • *Max understood whether Joanna had driven his sportcar.
    • *Max didn't understand whether Joanna had driven his sportscar.
    • Max didn't know whether Joanna had driven his sportscar.
complementizers subcategorize for the tense of their complement clause
Complementizers subcategorize for the tense of their complement clause
  • Data
    • The committee intended for John to come.
    • The committee intended that John might come.
    • *The committee intended that John to come.
    • *The committee intended for John might come.
finite and non finite clauses
Finite and non-finite clauses
  • Finite clauses are tensed, e.g. the contain either a modal auxiliary or past or present tense forms.
  • Non-finite clauses do not contain either a modal or past or present tense forms.
  • Non-finite clauses often have to in the place of tense.