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OSCAR Sensor Web Enablement Prototype

OSCAR Sensor Web Enablement Prototype. Presentation to WGISS-24 October 2007. Paul Martin ComSine Limited paulm@comsine.co.uk. Introduction. OSCAR – “On-Line Sensor Control & Access Resource”

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OSCAR Sensor Web Enablement Prototype

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  1. OSCARSensor Web Enablement Prototype Presentation to WGISS-24October 2007 Paul Martin ComSine Limited paulm@comsine.co.uk

  2. Introduction • OSCAR – “On-Line Sensor Control & Access Resource” • Project under the BNSC Internal Co-operation Program that funds a number of small “Exploitation Projects” • Aimed at allowing UK companies to exploit and contribute to international activities • Completed in October 2007

  3. OSCAR Concept

  4. Project Objectives • Work with real-world user partners to understand their requirements and determine focus of the project • Build a UK software resource that supports the major aspects of the OGC Sensor Web Enablement specifications • Look at the role satellite communications can play in a Sensor Web architecture • Provide a live demonstration of the OSCAR framework

  5. User Partners • Critical Software • Portuguese software development company • Sensor Web interests: Operational services for fire hazards • Hidromod • Portuguese technical consulting company • Sensor Web interests: Monitoring coastal waters • UK Environment Agency • Already operating and extensive network of in-situ sensors • Sensor Web interests: A need to promote high-level access to their sensors • Satamatics • UK Satellite Communications Company • Suppliers of terminal operating under Inmarsat D+ • Sensor Web interests: Oil pipeline monitoring

  6. Partner Requirements Feedback • Each sees a need for deploying sensors in remote areas with limited or no terrestrial communications coverage. • Open standards are an important aspect for their business in both “sharing information and reducing the time-to-market” for their products. • They identified the need to gain high-level access to their sensors as critical. • The ability of remotely monitor and control their sensors would enable their business to run more efficiently • In support of efforts such as GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security), adopting standards to provide alerts on environmental conditions is critical

  7. What We Planned to Build • 2 Sensor Nodes (one in UK, one in Australia) • Each node will host a representative set of weather station sensors • Australia Node will use Satellite Communications over the Inmarsat D+ service • UK Node will be directly connected to the Internet via WAN/LAN • Implement a subset of the O&M and SensorML XML encodings • Describe both sensors and their observations • Implement the major elements of the SOS, SAS and WNS web services • Obtain sensor descriptions and sensor observations • Register to receive alerts for “alarming conditions” from a sensor

  8. OGC SWE Components • Observations & Measurements (O&M) • XML Encoding compliant with OGC Best Practices Document 05-087r4 • Subset of the encoding to handle the following observations: • Temperature, Rainfall, Wind Speed/Direction, Humidity, Air Pressure • Sensor Modelling Language (SensorML) • XML Encoding compliant with OGC Implementation Specification 05-086r2 • Subset of the encoding to describe the following sensor: • Weather Station (TechnoLine WS-2300)

  9. OGC SWE Components • Sensor Observation Service (SOS) • XML Encoding compliant with OGC Implementation Specification 06-009r1 • A web service for describing Sensors and obtaining their Observations

  10. OGC SWE Components • Sensor Alert Service (SAS) • XML Encoding compliant with OGC Discussion Paper 06-028 • A web service that allows a sensor to be monitored for an “alarming condition”, e.g. temperature exceeds a given value • A user may subscribe to receive alerts

  11. OGC SWE Components • Web Notification Service (WNS) • XML Encoding compliant with OGC Best Practices Document 06-095 • Web Service for mediating asynchronously between web services, e.g. Confirmation of a SPS tasking request issuing an alert from an SAS when an “alarming condition” occurs

  12. System Context • Sensor Node • Laptop PC with Weather Station and WebCam sensors attached via RS-232 or USB • A Data Logger will record observations from sensors at a pre-defined interval • Periodically the Sensor Node will send observations via some communications protocol to the OSCAR Server Data Repository • Communications via SATCOM and Internet will be demonstrated

  13. System Context contd • OSCAR Server • The OSCAR Server will periodically scan the Data Repository for new observations • The Data Loader will load new observations into Data Storage • Data Storage will store observations using SWE O&M • Data Storage will also store description of the sensor using SWE SensorML

  14. System Context contd • OSCAR SWE and Client • A set of OGC SWE compliant web services accessible over the internet • Sensor Observation Service - obtain O&M and SensorML • Sensor Alert Service - Monitor sensors for “alarming conditions” • Web Notification Service - alert user of “alarming condition” & mediate with user for planning requests

  15. Satellite Communications • Australian Demo Site • Satamatics SAT-201 terminal via Inmarsat D+ • Sensor Node will load SAT-201 with latest observations • Observations are sent via satellite to the LES • The MHS (gateway) will retrieve messages from the LES • Message Client on the OSCAR Server will use ASPI-XML to look for new observations • New Observations are written to the Data Repository

  16. WAN/LAN Communication • UK Demo Site • Sensor Node connected to the internet via a wired Ethernet connection • New observations will be sent directly over the internet to the Data Repository (e.g. FTP)

  17. Web Services Architecture • O&M and SensorML are stored in a PostGres/PostGIS relational database • Data exposed to upper layers using Java Data Objects (Object Persistence) • Web Service is implemented as Java objects • OGC SWE XML requests and responses are marshalled and un-marshalled into objects using Apache XML Beans (Data Binding) • Client passes XML requests and responses using SOAP over HTTP • Non XML messages handled via Java Servlet, e.g. GetCapabilities

  18. Equipment Setup • Sensor Node (SATCOM) • Weather Station in Torquay, Australia • Observations collected on demand by issuing a Forward Message to the Sensor Node via a SAT-201 terminal over D+ • Observations packaged into OSCAR Data File (ComSine format) to compress data for transmission via a SAT-201 terminal over D+ to the OSCAR Server • Sensor Node (WAN/LAN) • Weather Station in South Warnborough, UK • Observations collected every 10 minute (stored as an OSCAR Data File) • OSCAR Server retrieves observations using an FTP pull

  19. Issues We Experienced • Complete OGC schemas not available at time of development • All schemas were extracted from OGC documentation • There were conflicts in namespaces between the different services • There were conflicts in the use of GML (v3.1 vs 3.2) and other supporting libraries • Sharing of objects between SWE components • In some cases similar object definitions were implemented across server namespaces • E.g. A different FeatureOfInterest object exists for the SOS and the SAS • Standards not yet mature • Each implementation of the standard is at a different stage in the OGC lifecycle • All (except SensorML) are yet to be release as an Implementation Specification at version 1.0

  20. Issues We Experienced • There are some missing links in the process chain • E.g. When you register a new sensor, there is no reference to adding it to an ‘Observation Offering’ via an OGC request • InsertObservation only allows for a single observation to be added per request • This could be a performance bottleneck when a single sensor node wished to communicate several observations • There may be an argument for a batch insert option

  21. On-Line Demonstrator Plans • Weather observations from our UK test site will continue to be uploaded into OSCAR • We plan to modify the Australian test site to the WAN/LAN setup which will also load weather observations into OSCAR • Access to the OSCAR-SWE services will be made available at the following URL • • Demonstrator will offer access our implementations of the SOS, SAS and WNS services • Very keen to continue work on OSCAR/Sensor Web and would welcome collaboration with others

  22. Who We Are • ComSine is a UK SME with a wholly owned subsidiary in Australia, ComSine Australia PTY Ltd • We specialise software and hardware development in the domains of satellite communications, geographical information, navigation and Earth observation. • Particular expertise in application of OGC standards and development of web services/SOAs • Customers include: ESA, BNSC, the EC, the GSA, Inmarsat, QinetiQ, SEEDA, LogicaCMG, etc.. • Operating from premises in NE Hampshire, UK and Torquay, near Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. • Website - http://www.comsine.co.uk

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