FOR ENDING VIOLENCE AGAINST
In spite of treaties, (the Protocol to the the African Charter) conventions, legislation and policies against some cultural practices the situation of women in Africa continue to be vulnerable to harmful traditional practices and customs such as FGM and widow inheritance, which expose them to the risk of HIV and AIDS
There is a palpable feeling that legislation alone is not enough to achieve equality in Africa, that it is not sufficient to change perceptions, or cultures of sexism – the types of cultures which are permissive to gendered violence happening. Even with an increasing number of women in parliament in some of the countries and increasing legislation to prevent discrimination and violence on the basis of gender, a culture of masculinity prevails. Why is that? Unequal power relationships continue
Increase access to opportunities for women- empower women to avoid abusive relationships - empower women, free them to leave behind abusive relationships
Make ending VAW every one’s concern; everyone’s business: The boys in your life need your time and energy. Your son, grandson, nephew, younger brother, your male colleague. The boys you teach, coach and mentor. All need you to help them grow into healthy men. The girls in your life what are you teaching them above all what do they see!
THE UN has identified violence against women and girls "the most pervasive" human rights violation that we know today. Statistics from the world over, paint a clear picture of the social and health consequences of violence against women.
The economic costs are considerable. Such violence impoverishes not only individuals, but families, communities, and governments, and stalls economic development of each nation
We had our first argument last night, and he said a lot of cruel things that really hurt me.
I know he is sorry and didn’t mean the things he said, because he sent me FLOWERS TODAY.
I got FLOWERS TODAY. It wasn’t our anniversary or any other special day.
Last night he threw me into a wall and started to choke me.
It seemed like a nightmare, I couldn’t believe it was real.
I know he must be sorry because he sent me FLOWERS TODAY.
I GOT flowers today, and it wasn’t Mother’s Day or any other special day.
Last night, he beat me up again, it was much worse than all the other times
What about money? I am afraid of him and scared to leave.
But I know he must be sorry because he sent me FLOWERS TODAY How do you help someone like this?
The answer to ending violence against women is first and foremost based on unequal power relations…The answer to end violence lies with you as it is such a complex issue
“One of the most enduring cliches about India is that it is the country of contradictions. Like all cliches, this one too has a grain of truth in it. At the heart of the contradiction stand Indian women: for it is true to say that they are among the most oppressed in the world, and it is equally true to say that they are among the most liberated, the most articulate and perhaps even the most free. Can these two realities be simultaneously true?”
(Kerala has highest female literacy; Rajasthan, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have the lowest)
Barriers to Female Education
Categories of employment (1991)
Barriers to Female Employment
Recognize Famous Faces
Faces of an Indian woman
“The origin of a child is a mother, a woman. ….she shows a man what sharing, caring, and loving is all about. That is the essence of a woman."
Sushmita Sen, Miss Universe 1994
Director, Department of Women and Child Development,
Ministry of Human Resource Development
Government of India
Women specific Legislations
41 laws covering various spheres.
Factories Act 1948, Minimum Wages Act 1948,
Equal Remuneration Act 1976, The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, The Plantation Labour Act, 1951, The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act 1976
Relevant provisions of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973; Special provisions under IPC, The Legal Practitioners (Women) Act, 1923, The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Technique (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse ) Act, 1994.
Family Courts Act, 1984, The Indian Succession Act, 1925, The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971, The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929, The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, The Hindu Succession Act, 1956 (& amended in 2005), The Indian Divorce Act, 1969
“ … special programmes on women should complement the general development programmes. The latter in turn should reflect greater gender sensitivity”
·Reinforces commitment to gender budgeting to establish its gender-differential impact and to translate gender commitments into budgetary commitments.
Anjali Goyal 2005 ©opyright
Anjali Goyal 2005 ©opyright
Anjali Goyal 2005 ©opyright
Water & San.
(6th Five Year Plan )
2005-06 National Family Health Survey
Theme: Empowering women for improved health and nutrition
MDG3: Promote gender equality and empower women
MDG4: Eliminate gender disparity in education
Not only are fewer women than men literate but fewer are also regularly exposed to media
Among the population age 15-49
Women’s report about their own earnings
Men’s report about their wife’s earnings
Husband & wife jointly
Percent of currently married women
Percentage of women who:
Percentage of women age 15-49 who have money which they can decide how to use
Older women are much more likely than younger women to participate in household decisions
The majority of women have little freedom of movement. Only one-third go alone to all three destinations: the market, health facility and outside the village or community.
Although urban, educated, employed and wealthier persons are less likely to agree with wife beating, these characteristics are not sufficient to supplant beliefs in gender inegalitarian norms
Percentage who agree that a wife is justified in refusing to have sex with her husband when she: