Denotation • Denotation refers to the dictionary definition of a word. • Many different words share a denotation
Connotation • Connotation is additional layers of meaning that include the cultural context or feelings associated with that word. • Context is important here!
Denotation Define house Define home Connotation Now consider the emotions associated with each idea. An Example
Link to Author’s Purpose / Theme • Authors choose specific words carefully so that they help them achieve their purpose.
Some Practice • Arrange the list of words in order from the most positive to the most negative: • slender, skinny, lean, beanpole • pretty, beautiful, fair, attractive • automobile, car, jalopy, hot rod • dull, ugly, plain
More Practice • For each word listed with a negative connotation, think of at least one word that is more positive: • Punk • Stubborn • Fight • Retarded • Chick • Slut
More Practice • Which words in the following sentences have the same denotation? • The thrifty shopper uses coupons. • The stingy billionaire won’t make a donation. • Which one would you prefer to be described as? Why?
Context is Important! • What is the denotative and connotative meaning of wise? • Consider the following sentences: • Wise men give the best advice. • Those kids are a bunch of wise guys.
More Context • Describe the connotation of each underlined word. • We enjoyed hearing the pastor preach at church last week. • Please don’t preach to me about my bad eating habits. • I found that book quite interesting. • I told my sister that her bright green purse was “interesting.”
Another Link • Use of words with a specific connotation can help to create tone/mood! • Tone and mood also help an author build toward his purpose
Connotation in ASP • Consider connotation, tone, mood, author’s purpose. • “It had loomed in my memory” (5) • “Boys ambled past our door” (12) • “The bell sounded ten stately times” (12)