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## SIMPLIFICATION

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**Maths**What do we do? What can you do?**Some people love it; some people hate it. But everyone has**to do it. It came naturally to me Painful Struggle Success MATHS Battle Boring Pages of sums Hard work Easy When I was taught by Mr Hardy I could do it Enjoyable**How do our children learn in Maths lessons at Orleans?**• Lots of talking • Thinking • Self-discovery • Problem solving • Asking questions • Real-life learning • Practical and engaging lessons – fascinators!CB's • ‘I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.’ • (A Chinese proverb)**This is the way we do it!**Why use a number line? Mental Calculations Written Calculations**Mental Starter**How many numbers can you make using these digits? What’s the biggest number you can make?**Place Value**• One of the most important concepts for children to understand H T U 6 60 600 Activity 2**Hundred Square**-1 +1 Addition Subtraction Multiplication Division + 10 12 + 23 = 35**Partitioning +**87 34 + 53 = 30 50 3 4 30 + 50 = 80 4 + 3 = 7 80 + 7 = 87**Number line +**+ 10 +1 +1 36 37 26 38 38 26 + 12 = + 10 + 20 +5 +1 42 62 72 77 78 42 + 36 = 78**Number line -**• Subtraction as taking away - 10 - 5 - 2 30 15 20 13 30 – 17 = 13**Number line -**• Subtraction as finding the difference • (starting from the lower number and counting on to the largest) 20 – 7 = ? +3 + 10 7 10 20 Jump to next multiple of 10 Count the jumps 10 + 3 = 13 20 – 7 = 13**Column Addition- Stage 1**35 54 80 9 89 • Add 10s first the units • Building on mental calculation strategies: adding biggest number first +**Multiplication**End of year expectations… Year 1 Count in steps of 2, 5 and 10 Year 2 Recall multiplication facts for the 2, 5 and 10 x tables Year 3 Recall multiplication facts for the 3, 4 and 6 x tables**What’s the best way to**learn your tables?**Percy Parker**Up and down the stairs YouTube Clapping, jumping, passing a ball etc Chanting or Singing www.learnyourtimestables.com**Magnetic x tables**Building up the x table number sentences ‘Know Your’ – www.ko-box.com Reading and writing them Flash cards Missing number sentences Speed Tests**Hundred Square**Find patterns in the numbers e.g. all even/all end in.../first digit goes up, last digit goes down X9 If you add the answer’s digits together, they add 9 e.g. 9 x 5 = 45 (4 + 5 = 9) Find Patterns If you know your 2x tables, then you can work out 4x any number. X by 2, then double it. 7 x 8 (always a tricky one!) Answer first: 56 = 7 x 8. So it’s 5, 6, 7, 8. Easy!**Online games – endless websites. See handouts for some.**Multiplication War – pack of playing cards X table apps on your iphone Games Board Games Origami Fortune Teller Snap**What’s the best way to**learn your tables? • There isn’t a truly pain-free answer because… • Everyone learns in best in different ways • Real fluency demands practise over • weeks and months • Drilling is the key! • Practise, practise, practise!**Number line x**Multiplying as repeated addition 2 x 4 +2 +2 +2 +2 0 2 4 6 8 2 x 4 = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 So, 2 x 4 = 8**Arrays x**3 x 6 Or Add the dots**Partitioning x**25 x 3 = 75 20 5 x 3 60 15 = 75**Division**Sharing Grouping**Number line**4 groups of 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 9 12 6 0 3 Add the jumps = 4 12 3 = 4**Whilst children learn about numbers and maths at**school, there are also lots of ways that you can support your child at home. It doesn’t have to be by doing pages of sums or text books – there are lots of fun activities and games you can do or include in your everyday routines! Here are a few ideas to help you…**‘How to do Maths so your children can too’**by Naomi Suni Learning Targets for Year 1 Learning Targets for Year 2