Higher education in sub saharan africa
Download
1 / 19

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 135 Views
  • Updated On :

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. A Brief Overview. Sub-Saharan Africa. 54 countries ( E29, F20, P5 ) Population: 657 m. (28 persons/sq. km) Per capita income: USD 100 – 2,800 Life expectancy: 46 years Population growth rate: 2.3% HIV/AIDS infection: 5 - 30%

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa' - ranger


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Higher education in sub saharan africa l.jpg

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

A Brief Overview


Sub saharan africa l.jpg
Sub-Saharan Africa

  • 54 countries (E29, F20, P5)

  • Population: 657 m. (28 persons/sq. km)

  • Per capita income: USD 100 – 2,800

  • Life expectancy: 46 years

  • Population growth rate: 2.3%

  • HIV/AIDS infection: 5 - 30%

  • Primary enrollment: 76%

  • Secondary enrollment: 26%

  • Tertiary enrollment: 4%


Early african universities l.jpg
Early African Universities

  • Established by colonial powers (English, French, Portuguese).

  • Strong links to European universities.

  • Role: lower and middle managers for colonial administrations; skilled craftsmen.


Early african universities4 l.jpg
Early African Universities

  • Fourah Bay College, Sierra Leone, 1826

  • Liberia College, 1862

  • Fort Hare College, South Africa, 1916

  • University of Ghana, 1948

  • Ibadan University College, Nigeria,1948

  • Makerere University College, Uganda,1949

  • University of Dakar, Senegal, 1957

  • University of Tananarive, Madagascar,1960


Early african universities5 l.jpg
Early African Universities

  • Six in 1960.

  • 1960s – the decade of independence

  • University role: produce government civil servants.

  • Incentives for university education:

    • Free tuition

    • Free room and board

    • Free books, transportation & pocket money


African universities today l.jpg
African Universities Today

  • Total universities: 334 (127 private)

  • Tertiary enrollment ratio: 4%

  • Share of education budget: 9% – 35%

  • Expenditure per student: $500 - $1500 (excluding South Africa)

  • Percent female: 38%

  • Students in Science & Technology: 36%

  • Contribution to world knowledge: 0.3%


Principal university systems l.jpg
Principal University Systems

  • Nigeria: 45 universities, 950,000.

  • South Africa: 34 universities, 500,000.

  • Sudan: 26 universities; 185,000.

  • Ethiopia: 8 universities; 177,000

  • Kenya: 19 universities; 67,000.

  • Cameroon: 7 universities, 62,000.


Main issues rapid expansion l.jpg
Main Issues: Rapid Expansion

  • Enrollment growth: 10% - 15% yearly.

  • New institutions: Half are 5 years old.

  • Strong demand is a political issue.

  • Acceptance of private provision.

  • Emergence of distance education:

    • Open University, Tanzania, 1992.

    • African Virtual University, 1997.

    • Open University, Zimbabwe, 1999.

    • Open University, Nigeria, 2004.


Main issues quality l.jpg
Main Issues: Quality

  • Staff qualifications declining.

  • Little money for educational inputs.

  • Over-crowded classrooms.

  • Low salaries (USD 400 - 700 a month)

  • Little incentive or funds for research.

  • Very little budget for maintenance.

  • Quality assurance relatively new.


Main issues staffing l.jpg
Main Issues: Staffing

  • Aging professoriate.

  • HIV/AIDS.

  • Brain drain: 30% of Africa’s graduates

  • Women: 10 – 20% of academic staff.


Main issues relevance l.jpg
Main Issues: Relevance

  • Curricula outdated.

  • Public employment orientation.

  • Little interaction with employers.

  • Memorization, not problem-solving.

  • Research output minimal.

  • Limited ICT capacities.


Main issues management l.jpg
Main Issues: Management

  • Weak system management.

  • Few system support bodies.

  • Institutions led by academics.

  • Limited management information systems.

  • Human resource management not developed.


Main issues financing l.jpg
Main Issues: Financing

  • Declining expenditure per student.

  • No tradition of cost-sharing.

  • Little capacity to manage student loans

  • Few skills or procedures for cost efficiency.

  • Often sizeable expenditure on student welfare.

  • Private provision is recent and small.


Main issues ict l.jpg
Main Issues: ICT

  • Telecommunication costs are high.

  • Access to bandwidth is limited.

  • System maintenance is weak.

  • Skilled staff are difficult to recruit and retain.

  • Financial sustainability a challenge; high dependency on donors.


New developments l.jpg
New Developments

  • Open and distance learning.

  • Private provision.

  • India Institute of Technology model.

  • Community oriented universities.

  • Regional collaboration.


World bank higher education projects l.jpg
World BankHigher Education Projects

  • Cameroon

  • Ethiopia

  • Ghana

  • Guinea

  • Mali

  • Mauritania

  • Mozambique

  • Rwanda

  • Uganda


Types of activities financed l.jpg
Types of Activities Financed

  • Strategy development

  • Innovation funds

  • Curriculum reforms

  • Staff development

  • Library and information access


Future bank activities in africa l.jpg
Future Bank Activities in Africa

  • Commission for Africa (Blair Report)

  • Africa Action Plan:

    • Emphasis shifts towards growth.

    • Higher education boosts productivity

    • Science & technology capacities

    • Research capacities

  • 8 new projects in next two years.


  • Thank you l.jpg

    Thank you

    William Saint

    Lead Education Specialist

    Africa Region