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What is a Mineral?. By Liz LaRosa 5 th Grade Science www.middleschoolscience.com 2010. What is a mineral? Properties:. S olid Cannot be a liquid or a gas N aturally Occurring Found in nature, not man-made I norganic Is not alive and never was, non-living F ixed composition

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what is a mineral

What is a Mineral?

By Liz LaRosa

5th Grade Science

www.middleschoolscience.com 2010

what is a mineral properties
What is a mineral? Properties:
  • Solid
    • Cannot be a liquid or a gas
  • Naturally Occurring
    • Found in nature, not man-made
  • Inorganic
    • Is not alive and never was, non-living
  • Fixed composition
    • Has a chemical formula, most are formed from compounds of two or more elements, some minerals consist of one element ex. Au
  • Crystal Form
    • A definite structure in which atoms are arranged
what is a mineral definition
What is a mineral? Definition:

A mineral is a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystalline structure.

questions to ask yourself when determining if an item is a mineral or not
Questions to ask yourself when determining if an item is a mineral or not:
  • Is it non-living material?
  • Is it a solid?
  • Is it formed in nature?
  • Does it have a crystalline structure?

The next few slides show an assortment of items.

As a group, categorize the items as either:

Minerals or Non-Minerals.

and the answers are
And the answers are…
  • Minerals
    • Gold
    • Topaz
    • Quartz
    • Talc
    • Iceberg*
    • Diamonds
  • Non-Minerals
    • Wood - once living
    • Fossils – once living
    • Bone - living material
    • Granite - intrusive igneous rock
    • Pearls – made by oysters
    • Coal - Sedimentary rock
    • Rock Salt – Sedimentary rock

According to IMA – ice is listed as a mineral