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OEMAC 29 th Annual Conference Niagara on the Lake. Psychological Health and Safety – Catalyzing Workforce and Workplace Change. Ian M. F. Arnold MD, MSc, DOHS,FRCPC, FCBOM, CSPQ, CRSP, CEA OEMAC, October 03, 2011.

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slide1

OEMAC 29th Annual Conference

  • Niagara on the Lake
  • Psychological Health and Safety –
  • Catalyzing Workforce and Workplace Change

Ian M. F. Arnold

MD, MSc, DOHS,FRCPC, FCBOM, CSPQ, CRSP, CEA OEMAC, October 03, 2011

learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Review the work underway to catalyze change in workplace psychological health and safety;
  • Understand the reasons for development of a workplace standard on psychological health and safety;
  • Recognize the reasons for the use of a consensus based approach and the role of occupational health physicians and other stakeholders in the development of the standard;
  • Learn about the current status of the standard and the needs and timetable for completion of the standard development.
six strategic initiatives that shape our direction on workplace psychological health and safety
Six Strategic Initiatives that shape our direction on Workplace Psychological Health and Safety
  • Employment opportunities and/or sustainable income for the Aspiring Workforce (“Aspiring Workforce” project - CAMH);
  • Research project to define existing best practices “Integrated Approach to Workplace Mental Health” - SFU);
  • MHCC peer support certification and accreditation process under the direction of Lt. Col. Stephane Grenier;
  • Leadership Initiative – the business case;
  • Review of the jurisprudence on psychological health and safety in the workplace (Dr. Martin Shain);
  • Development of workplace standards for psychological health and safety.
the aspiring workforce project
The “Aspiring Workforce” Project
  • Understanding how to enhance employment opportunities and a sustainable income for the Aspiring Workforce;
  • Led by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health with U of T and Queens University – completion Jan ‘12
  • Four components:
    • Supported employment;
    • Alternative business models (social enterprises);
    • A new model of disability benefits;
    • Mental health literacy for and about the Aspiring Workforce;
  • Impact on OHPs – improved worker accommodation options, better mechanisms for managing disability, enhanced knowledge on psychological H and S.
an integrated approach to improving workplace mental healthcare in canada
An Integrated Approach to Improving Workplace Mental Healthcare in Canada
  • To identify/critically analyse current models and promising practices in workplace mental health;
  • Conducted by Simon Fraser University;
  • A 6P approach:
  • Dissemination plan under development; now
  • Ultimate deliverable of value to OHPs -
    • “PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS”
an integrated approach psychological health safety an action guide for employers1
An Integrated Approach PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS

Table of Contents

  • PREFACE
  • INTRODUCTION
  • THE P6 MODEL AND ISO
  • POLICY
  • PLANNING
  • PROMOTION
  • PREVENTION – Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
    • Secondary Prevention
      • Provide self-care tools
      • Provide manager training
      • Provide early intervention through EFAP
  • PROCESS
  • PERSISTENCE
  • PH&S IN SMALL BUSINESS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH AND SAFETY OF MANAGERS: A CRITICAL ISSUE
  • INTEGRATING MENTAL HEALTH CARE AND THE WORKPLACE
  • CLOSING COMMENTS
an integrated approach psychological health safety an action guide for employers2
An Integrated Approach PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH & SAFETY: AN ACTION GUIDE FOR EMPLOYERS
  • Provide manager training
    •  It is critical to give managers the knowledge and skills - - - -
  • Why it matters
    • Employees with patterns of declining or inconsistent job performance, interpersonal difficulties or other uncharacteristic behaviours may - - - - -
  • How it is done
    • Some larger organizations have developed manager training programs specific to their business or sector-- this may be useful if - - - -
  • Useful tools
  • Managing Mental Health Matters, Great West Life Centre for Mental Health in the Workplace: http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/mmhm/eng/main.html
  • What you need to know about mental health: a tool for managers, The Conference Board of Canada: http://www.conferenceboard.ca/documents.aspx?did=1433
  • A practical guide to managing and supporting people with mental health problems in the workplace: http://shift.org.uk/files/employers/lmr2009_web.pdf
  • There is a spectrum in management styles – not everyone has to like everyone – a manager can be tough without being disrespectful.
  • Labour Lawyer
the peer project two components
The Peer Project – Two components

1 Peer Support Practitioners: enhance the utilization of peer support through the creation and application of national standards of practice.

  • 2 Peer Educators: encourage a change in societal attitudes towards mental illnesses through peer based education strategies specifically targeting adults in workplaces and later, youth in schools.
immediate focus on peer support
Immediate focus on Peer Support

1 Peer Support Practitioners: enhance the utilization of peer support through the creation and application of national standards of practice.

  • 2 Peer Educators: encourage a change in societal attitudes towards mental illnesses through peer based education strategies specifically targeting adults in workplaces and later, youth in schools.
peer project strategic outcomes
Peer Project - Strategic Outcomes

PEER PROJECT

ACCREDITATION BODY –

Sustainable approach

EVIDENCE BASE

STANDARDS of PRACTICE

Evaluation framework

Consumer / Survivor engagement

Note 1: Outreach to 600 peer support workers and agencies across Canada. 281 currently / actively engaged in helping shape the future of peer support through this project;

the intent of the peer project
The Intent of the Peer Project

Create the conditions required to leverage, on a wide scale, the acquired skills of people who have lived mental health experience.

Provide a robust enabling framework for organisations and systems to enhance current peer programs or launch new peer initiatives, build capacity, and help address the growing mental health needs;

Value to the OHP – a new resource to help employees enhance their personal resiliency and better manage workplace psychological health and safety challenges.

targeted segment of the peer support continuum
Targeted segment of the peer support continuum

Examples of types of peer support include:

Forensic inpatient services

Acute inpatient services

Community based NGOs

Respite services and alternatives to acute inpatient stays Peer operated “warmlines”

Primary mental health care

Peer led training

Workplace peer support programs

Others as appropriate

Future certified peer support workers

Friendship

Peer Support

Professional

Formal Informal

Peer Peer

Support Support

what are standards of practice
What are standards of practice?
  • Standards of practice establish the knowledge, competencies, training/education, experience and values of a given function
  • The Canadian standards of practice for Peer Support will allow the voluntary certification of peer support workers. This credential will be transportable from coast to coast
  • The Canadian Peer Support standards of practice are being established based on a nationwide, comprehensive consultation process tapping into the wealth of knowledge and experience in this field
research based project
Research based project
  • The gathering of evidence-based data is required to promote the expanded use of peer support
  • A reliably consistent standard methodology (standards of practice) is required to allow the gathering of empirical data based on project evaluation results
  • Underpinned from the outset with outcomes based performance measurement and evaluation strategies

(Ottawa U, Queens, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Atlanta Georgia)

slide16
Plan

Phase II

Development

2011 / 2012

Phase I

Consultation

2010 / 2011

Phase III

Implement / Evaluate & Adapt

2012 / 2014

Certification Services

Policy / Process / Infrastructure

Certification Validation

Volunteer community based peer support organisations such as the Nova Scotia Research Foundation; Manitoba Schizophrenia Association; BC Schizophrenia Association Vic.; Association Quebecoise en ReadaptationPsycosociale;

Ontario Peer Development Initiative

Standards

of

Practice (SoP)

Values

SoP Manual

Healthy Brains – Healthy Business

Principle of Practice

Code of Conduct

Code of conduct

Evaluate

Experience

Practicum

Competencies

Assessment Tools Baynton & Ass

Workplace & MH System Demonstration site

Promising sites:

Private Sector

Public Sector

Law Enforcement & First Responders

MH System

Knowledge

Syllabus & Manual

BCSS Vic Branch

Organisational Qualities

Readiness Assessment

CMHA

Evaluation Methods

& Outcomes

Evaluation Strategy

CDC – Deloitte – Ott U – CAMH - Queens

Evaluate

driving change in the workplace
Driving Change in the Workplace
  • The Aspiring Workforce Project 
  • The Integrated Approach – Guideline 
  • The Peer Project 
  • The MHCC Leadership Initiative;
  • Developing the Business Case;
  • Risk Management – the Shain Reports;
  • The National Standard for Workplace Psychological Health and Safety.
mental health leadership initiative moving forward a work in progress
Mental Health Leadership Initiative – Moving forward – A Work in Progress

The Mental Health Leadership Initiative includes:

Key aspects of the Roundtable’s 2007 “CFO Framework for Mental Health and Productivity”;

Evolving legal requirements;

A comprehensive framework approach to manage Mental Health in the workplace;

The Mental Health Leadership Initiative is a key strategic tool to drive acceptance of the next steps in improving workplace mental health and psychological safety;

The Value to the OHP –Provides downloadable videos from senior labour, workplace, and organizational leaders and information on steps to take to move forward. Key point – the organization needs leadership support and a champion.

the business case is clear for improving workplace psychological health and safety
The Business Case is Clear for improving Workplace Psychological Health and Safety

1. Corporate Social Responsibility

Includes employees as well as external stakeholders

2. Cost Effectiveness

In productivity as well as cost trend management

3. Recruitment and Retention

The competition for talent

4. Risk Management

OH&S, Human Rights, Disability Legislation

the shain reports mental injury and psychological safety in the workplace
The Shain Reports - Mental injury and psychological safety in the workplace
  • Mental injury is not the same as mental illness. It is harm to mental health [mental suffering] that significantly affects the ability of employees to function at work and at home;
  • “A psychologically safe workplace is one in which every practical effort is made to avoid reasonably foreseeable injury to the mental health of employees” (Shain, 2009).
slide21

Dr. Martin Shain said...

  • “We observe seven major trends in the law becoming stronger by the year.
  • We can characterize these trends as pressures building toward a perfect legal storm, where the whole is far greater than the sum of the parts.”

“A psychologically safe workplace is no longer a “nice to do”. It is now a “must do”

  • There is a rising tide of liability for employers who fail to provide a psychologically safe work environment;
  • Employers lack the tools to assess and address workplace risks to psychological health and safety;
the path to the present a standard for psychological health and safety in the workplace
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace
  • December 2009 - MHCC/WAC, with Great West Life, held a consensus meeting in Vancouver – National Standard supported by all attendees, consensus statement issued:
      • “It is our vision to see the development of a National Standard of Canada on psychological health and safety in the workplace by December 1, 2011, and uptake by employers resulting in a measureable improvement in psychological health and safety within three years of that date.”
  • Early 2010, discussions held with Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the Bureau de Normalization du Quebec (BNQ);
  • 02/10 - Statement of Understanding agreed to by MHCC, CSA, BNQ;
the path to the present a standard for psychological health and safety in the workplace1
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace
  • Funding for standard development – HRSDC is the lead with support from Health Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) – January 2011;
  • Support for MHCC specifically for this project also provided by Bell Canada – January 2011;
  • The Standard development process is on a fast track -agreement with BNQ/CSA finalized in February 2011;
  • 4 of 5 Technical Committee meetings already held;
  • Draft for 60 day public comment mid fall, 2011;
  • Final draft March 2012;
  • Release – June/July, 2012.
the path to the present a standard for psychological health and safety in the workplace2
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace
  • Objective: to provide a methodology that will lead to measurable and sustainable improvements in psychological health and safety;
  • Stand alone, voluntary standard;
  • Will align with other international efforts - British Standards Institute Performance Standard (PAS 1010), OHSAS 18000 and CSA Z1000 and Z1002, and the BNQ Healthy Enterprises standard;
  • Standard to follow the ISO framework.
factors impacting workplace psychological health and safety
Factors impacting Workplace Psychological Health and Safety

Physical Factors

Social Factors

Workplace and Workforce Psychological Health and Safety

Individual Factors

Environmental Factors

the path to the present the technical committee
The Path to the present: The Technical committee

CodeMinMaxActualDescription

EI 3 4 3 Employee Interest e.g CAW, CLC

GI 5 6 6 General Interest - Samra, Shain

OI 5 6 6 Organizational Interest e.g. AC

RP 4 6 5 Regulatory/Policy/Underwriter

Interest e.g. HC, HRSDC

SP 3 4 4 Professional Services, e.g CMHA

key areas impacting workplace psychological health and safety
Key Areas Impacting Workplace Psychological Health and Safety
  • Psychological Support,
  • Organizational Culture,
  • Clear leadership & expectations,
  • Civility and respect,
  • Psychological job fit,
  • Growth and development,
  • Recognition and reward,
  • Involvement and influence,
  • Workload management,
  • Engagement,
  • Balance
  • Psychological protection
  • Positive physical environment
slide28
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace – Features (DRAFT)
  • The Standard will include a preface, an introduction, scope, normative references and definitions, the standard process, and several annexes;
  • The process follows the ISO format;
    • Commitment, Leadership, Participation;
    • Planning
    • Implementation;
    • Evaluation and Corrective Action;
    • Management Review and Continual Improvement.
  • The process respects the HIRARC principles – Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment Risk Control
slide29
The Path to the present: A Standard for Psychological Health and Safety in the Workplace – Features (DRAFT)
  • Five annexes are also included to help users:
    • Annex A – Supplemental background information
    • Annex B – Resource compendium
    • Annex C – Sample audit tool
    • Annex D – A discussion of relevant legislation or regulation as of 2011
    • Annex E - Related Standards and Guides
    • Annex F - Annotated Bibliography
conclusions
Conclusions
  • A systematic and sustainable approach for psychological health and safety, on a parallel with how physical health and safety is managed, is becoming a business and social imperative;
  • The MHCC’s WAC is working with various partners to develop tools that will assist employees and employers to improve workplace mental health;
  • These tools will provide Occupational Health Practitioners with new methods to deal with Psychological Health and Safety challenges in the modern workplace.

Positive workforce and workplace change is on the way

a selection of canadian resources available on line
A selection of Canadian resources available on-line

The MHCC Leadership Initiative: http://www.mhccleadership.ca/

The Peer Support Project: http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/Pages/PeerProject.aspx

The Shain Reports:

http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/Key_Documents/en/2009/Stress%20at%20Work%20MHCC%20V%203%20Feb%202009.pdf

Guarding Minds at Work: http://www.guardingmindsatwork.ca/

The Great West Life Centre for Mental Health:

http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/english/index.asp

Working Through It – Stories of People dealing with workplace mental health issues:

http://www.gwlcentreformentalhealth.com/english/display.asp?l1=2&l2=17&l3=173&d=173

The Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC): http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/

The Service System Advisory Committee’s “Making the Case for Peer Support” (http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/SiteCollectionDocuments/peer/Service%20Systems%20AC%20-%20Peer%20support%20report%20EN.pdf )

Workplace Strategies for Mental Health

http://workplacestrategiesformentalhealth.com/display.asp?l1=7&l2=187&d=187