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Objective 5/19. SWBAT Examine the causes of the Vietnam War Identify important people and the role they played during the Vietnam War In terms of U.S. Foreign Policy what was the Domino Theory. The Vietnam War.

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Objective 5 19
Objective 5/19

SWBAT

Examine the causes of the Vietnam War

Identify important people and the role they played during the Vietnam War

In terms of U.S. Foreign Policy what was the Domino Theory


The vietnam war
The Vietnam War

  • For over 11 years the Vietnam War unites and divides the United States by class, politics, and generation.

  • Over 58,000 Americans lose their lives in Southeast Asia. Millions more are affected by the war’s controversy and aftermath.


Causes of the vietnam war
Causes of the Vietnam War

  • The Vietnamese struggle for unification is based on nationalism under the banner of communism.

  • U.S. involvement is based on the Cold War policy of containment.

  • Action in Southeast Asia was justified by the “Domino Theory” of the spread of communism.


Individuals of the conflict
Individuals of the Conflict

  • Ho Chi Minh is the revolutionary leader of Vietnam.

  • He was born in Central Vietnam, 1890.


Objective 5 19

  • In 1917 he left Vietnam to study in France. During the 1930’s he lived in Moscow and works as a Communist agent.

  • In 1941 he returned to Vietnam to regain its independence from France.

  • After the defeat of France in 1954 he became President of North Vietnam until 1969.


Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19


Vietnam timeline
Vietnam Timeline He was the senior policy maker in Vietnam. He resigned in ’68 disenchanted by the war.

  • 1940- France falls to Germany in WWII. The Japanese were given control of French-Indochina.

  • 1941- Ho Chi Minh returns to Vietnam, organizes the nationalistic Vietminh to fight the French-Japanese rule.


Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19

  • 1950- Ho Chi Minh declares the Democratic Republic of Vietnam is the only legal government of Vietnam. He is backed by both the Soviet Union and China.

  • 1954- French are defeated at Diembienphu. The Geneva Conference establishes a North/South border along the 17th Parallel.


Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19

  • 1964- General Nguyen Khanh assumes control of South. Vietnam.

  • On August 2nd a North Vietnamese PT boat attacks the U.S.S. Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin.

  • Two days later a second alleged attack occurs.

  • This prompts LBJ to commit to all out action in Vietnam with the Tonkin Resolution (Aug. 7th, 1964).


Objective 5 20
Objective 5/20 Vietnam.

SWBAT

Examine documents relating to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

Determine if the U.S. had intentions of going to war in Vietnam before the Resolution?

Opening Question: What did the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allow the President to do?


Objective 5 21
Objective 5/21 Vietnam.

SWBAT

Complete Vietnam Webquest

Opening Question: Pull out work from yesterday: Was the U.S. planning on sending troops to Vietnam before 1964?


Objective 5 19

  • 1965- “Escalation” begins in Vietnam. The Vietcong begin to attack U.S. installations in the South. LBJ approves Operation Rolling Thunder to bomb the North. By December there are over 200,000 U.S. troops there.

  • Over the next several years, the troops in Vietnam will escalate to over 550,000.



Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19

  • 1969— political success as America becomes disheartened by the images of the seemingly “endless war”.Time magazine reports on the Massacre at My Lai, further fueling anti-war sentiment. President Nixon begins the policy of “Vietnamization”; turning the fighting of the war over to the South Vietnamese. De-escalation begins.


Objective 5 19


Objective 5 19